Nursing encompasses a ____________ process, which assists individuals to promote health, prevent illness, and cope with death. a. medical b. growing c. therapeutic d. frustrating
Nursing is both _________________. a. competitive & fulfilling b. an art and science c. dangerous & fun d. mysterious and misunderstood.
an art and science
It's a discipline w/ a unique _______________ upon which diagnosis & treatment decisions are made. a. body of knowledge b. perspective c. scope of practice d. pay scale
body of knowledge
A ________________ approach, known as the nursing process is used to meet health care needs. a. comprehensive b. holistic c. intuitive d. critical thinking
The therapeutic and significant contribution of nursing is accomplished through performance of the roles of ____________, manager and teacher of health care. a. caregiver b. therapist c. aide d. advocate
Physicians: focus on _______________. a. patients b. bottom line c. disease cure/repair d. prevention and wellness
Relationship to other disciplines matching:
1. background on human condition, virtues, learn about mistakes/successes, languages
2. morality, religion
3. medicine, pathophysiology
4. assessments, non-verbal communication
5. help understand groups & people
A. literature, arts, philosophy/ethics
D. life sciences: biology, A&P, microbilogy, chemistry
E. Social Sciences: sociology, anthropology, psychology
1-C, 2-A, 3-D, 4-B, 5-E
PT: restore ____________ to injured limbs, etc., pain management, musculoskelal issues a. strength b. health c. mobility d. color
OT: adaptive devices to regain ______________ tools. a. practical life b. job skill c. communication d. mobility
RT: improving _____________ & ___________ therapy. a. communication, verbal b. ventilation , oxygen c. cardiovascular health, aerobic d. respiration, hydration
ventilation & oxygen
Pharmacist: dispensing __________. a. advice b. prescriptions c. supplements d. drugs
Social Worker: connect with _____________. a. resources b. society c. employers d. lost family members.
Pastoral Care: _________ guidance/comfort. a. medical b. nursing c. spiritual d. cultural
This nurse was from Victorian England and worked duing the Crimean war to improve sanitation, started nursing schools associated with hospitals and apprenticeship, and did not believe in germ-theory. a. Clara Barton b. Dorothea Dix c. Florence Nightingale d. Lavinia Dock e. M. Adelaide Nutting
c. Florence Nightingale
Match Later Period of Nursing Nurse with their achievement:
1. 1858-1956 wanted practicing nurses to pass a written exam and be licensed, developed practice standards
2. 1812-1912 founded American Red Cross, civil war nurse
3. 1858-1948 principal & superintendent of the School of Nursing @ Johns Hopkins Hospital in 1896, advocated for university education for nurses
4. got Army to allow men to join Nurse Corps, advocated for baccalaureate license
A. M. Adelaide Nutting
B. Clara Barton
C. Luther Christman:
D. Lavinia Dock
During the Middle Period of Nursing in the US, this was the first doctor owned nursing school. a. Women's Hospital of Philadelphia b. Presbyterian Hospital (NYC) c. Nurse Society of Philadelphia d. Mt. Sinai
c. Nurse Society of Philadelphia
This was established during the Civil War to train nurses: a. Nurse Society of Philadelphia b. Army Corps of Nurses c. Army Corpsmen d. Dorothea Dix Training School
b. Army Corps of Nurses
This group, founded in 1887 as the Alumnae Association, adopted it's new name in 1911, publishes the Standards of Practice & Code of Ethics, and is the main lobbying group for nurse's. a. National Student Nursing Association b. National League for Nursing c. American Nurse's Association d. American Association of Colleges of Nursing
c. American Nurse's Association
This group, founded in 1894 as the American Society of Superintendents of Training Schools, changed its name in 1952 and publishes Training Guidelines. a. National Student Nursing Association b. National League for Nursing c. American Nurse's Association d. American Association of Colleges of Nursing
b. National League for Nursing
_____________ appeared in the 19___'s as private duty nursing faded out. a. inpatient hospitals, 50's b. outpatient surgical centers , 70's c. intensive care units, 60's d. NICU's, 80's
c. intensive care units, 60's
T/F: Public health nursing moved from clinics to home care, then back to clinics when home health nursing expanded rapidly during the late '70's
False: 80's & 90's
This was introduced into medicine during the 20th century, leading to antibiotics, vaccinations & imaging) a. specialty units b. scientific method c. folk medicine d. spirituality
b. scientific method.
In which nursing era did religious communities staffed by monks/nuns provided care for the poor. a. Medieval Era . b. Modern Hospital c. 20th Century
a. Medieval Era
Modern Hospital- (18th c.) the first large ___________ began to flourish. a. Nurse's guildes b. epidemics c. hospitals d. nurse training programs.
T/F Around WWII: There was a growing interest in social & organizational structure of Health Care.
Around WWII, major political, social, and ________________ changes occurred that affected medicine and nursing. a. technological b. religious c. historical d. economic
Which of the following did not follow WWII: a. Insurance plans b. Hill-Burton funds c. managed care d. medicare e. NIH
c. managed care
Which of these is not a valid criticism of our current health care system: a. too costly b. millions not insured c. technology makes no discernible difference to outcome. d. health care error e. ranked low in world health stats and disparity
c. technology makes no discernible difference to outcome.
Match the correct name of the institution with its description:
1. poorhouses or workhouses A. pesthouses
2. used to controlled disease
B. religious & public hospitals
3. established eventually, became norm
C. first US hospital:
4. Pennsylvania General Hospital 1751
1-D, 2-A, 3-B, 4-C
Which is the appropriate progression in health problems evolution? a. infectious disease → chronic illness, b. chronic illness → individual illnesses c. individual illnesses → epidemics d. epidemics → individual illnesses e. a & d
match the technology with the era: a. 1800-1900 b. 1900-2000. 1. stethoscope 2. ventilator 3. defibrilator 4. sphigmometer 5. cardiac catheter 6. artificial organs
a: 1,4 b: 2,3,5,6
T/F After WWII, technological advances slowed because of the scarcity of resources for research.
False: grew because of great investment in research
from 1850 - now, has social organization and public policies on health care issues increased or decreased?
Which is NOT a result of post WWII policy changes: a. medicare b. employer provided insurance c. universal health care d. welfare programs
c. universal health care
Match the name with the date/description/effect of the Major policies/acts regarding health care:
1. Act for relief of sick and disabled seamen
2. Morril Act
3. Federal Food and Drug Act
4. Food and Drug Cosmetic Act
a. Land Grant College: research
b. 18th c.
c. more regulations, founded FDA
d. regulate food processing & drug formulation
1-b, 2-a, 3-d, 4-c
How are Hospitals Classified? (choose all correct answers) a. ownership b. type of service c. quality of service d. length of stay
all but c.
Long term stay hospitals are where patients stay for longer than a. 24 hours b. 3 days c. 30 days d. 3 months.
c. 30 days
Types of service for hospitals does not include... a. psychiatric b. recreational c. general d. pediatric
Match the name with the date/description/effect of the Major policies/acts regarding health care:
1. the Social Security Act
2. National Institutes of Health
3. Hill-Burton Act
4. Patient Self-Determination Act
5. Office of Public Emergency Preparedness
a. 27 institutes, grant research $$ to improve health, $$ for fellowships for doctoral students
b. natural disaster prep.
c. advanced directives
d. seniors, mothers & dependent children
e. federal $$ for building community hospitals.
1-d, 2-a, 3-e,4-c,5-b
The following are characteristics of a Magnet Hospital except for: a. gold standard for nursing excellence b. due to APN's, eliminates need for doctors c. promoting quality in a setting that supports professional practice d. Identify excellence in the delivery of nursing services to patients/residents e. disseminating "best practices" into field
b. due to APN's, eliminates need for doctors
Essentials of Magnets include: a. work with clinically competent nurses b. good nurse-physician relationship c. nurse autonomy & accountability d. control over nursing practice e. pay equity with doctors.
e. pay equity with doctors.
Other Essentials of Magnets include: a. support of education b. reduced staffing to ensure higher pay. c. concern for the patient is paramount d. cultural overview
b. reduced staffing to ensure higher pay.
Which of the following is not a valid pathway to nursing: a. hospital based diploma program b. 4 years work as a can, take NCLEX & work as LPN b. 2yr associates degree c. 4 year baccalaureate degree d. Non-nursing degree → Masters nursing program
4 years work as a can, take NCLEX & work as LPN
If you wanted to get further education post-baccalaureate, Which of these would allow you to take new research and translate it into practice? a. Advanced Practitioner Nurse b. PhD c. DNP d. none of the above.
Which of the following does not follow from a Masters in Nursing: a. intense research oriented program of study b. nurse educator c. nurse administration d. advanced practitioner
a. intense research oriented program of study
What's the main difference between a PhD and DNP? a. pay b. hours c. amount of schooling d. research vs. praxis
d. research vs. praxis
T/F A PhD nurse gains knowledge & skills to apply analytical approaches to the discovery & application of knowledge in nursing & Health Care.
Which 2 factors would dramatically increase the amount of students able to enter the Nursing Program @ EMSON and other nursing schools while maintaining quality of students: a. hiring more qualified teachers b. lower the GPA requirements c. Providing more up to date space d. none of these.
a & c
Match the type of ownership with the definition/name 1. public 2. federal 3. state 4. for profit 5. non-profit A. Armed Service Hospital, VA B. reinvest profits back into institution, takes care of indigent C. health department D. mental health center, UAMS E. returns dividend to investors
This is the process by which a governmental agency grants "legal" permission to an individual to practice nursing a. registration b. testing c. licensing d. vetting
If you are officially recorded you are: a. licensed b. registered c. official d. in trouble
The two types of credentials are a. education b. experience c. continuing ed d. practice
a & d
A Credential System is/does all but one of the following: a. letter or certificate given to a person b. gives permission to go outside of scope of practice c. right of confidence d. exercise a position of authority
b. gives permission to go outside of scope of practice
Which of these do you NOT have to do in order to be Licensed by the Sate Board of Nursing: a. degree completion b. perfect score on NCLEX c. complete application d. pass background/drug check
b. perfect score on NCLEX
Which of these is NOT a focus of the NCLEX? a. Safe & effective Care Environment b. Health Promotion & Maintenance c. Professional Responsibilities d. Psychosocial Integrity e. Psysiological Integrity
c. Professional Responsibilities
Which of these can result in a Revocation of license: a. small med error b. traffic violations c. addiction to drugs d. glaring at puppies.
c. addiction to drugs
A certificate is usually bestowed by a ____________________ after course of study & upon completion of exam. a. state nursing board b. regional health care cooperative c. professional organization d. vending machine
c. professional organization
Credentials can be any of the following except: a. degree b. license c. honorary degrees d. certificate e. memberships in particular organizations.
c. honorary degrees
HCFA spent $33.9 ____________ 1980 for Medicare and $24 _______________ for Medicaid. a. million b. billion c. trillion d. quadrillion
Medicare and Medicaid costs are: a. rising b. shrinking c. staying the same d. going away due to new health care bill.
In 2008, what percentage of the Gross National Product was due to health care ? a. 16.2% b. 33.3 % c. 40.8% d. 55.1%
Match the Credential Acronym with the description of what they do. A. CEN B. CRNA C. GNP D. ANCC E. CNM 1. work with population >65 yoa 2. works with childbirth, using more traditional techniques 3. Body that credentials nurses 4. Works in Emergency Departments 5. Administers anesthesia during surgeries, childbirth, etc...
1-C, 2-E, 3-D, 4-A, 5-B
In 2008, our medical social safety net cost each citizen $7861, in 2008, it will cost us each ______. a. $ 7861 b. $130 c. $12,320 d. nothing, the government pays for it.
The uninsured pay ______________ for health care than the insured. a. more b. less c. same d. they don't pay, the government pays for them.
What country pays more per capita than the US does for Health Care? a. United Kingdom b. Japan c. Finland d. No other country pays more than the US.
d. No other country pays more than the US.
What does the US get in return for it's highest spent per capita rating? a. top 10% in infant mortality b. highest life expectancy c. top 10% in quality of care d. none of the above?
d. none of the above
Is Arkansas's rate of uninsured higher or lower than the national average?
What percentage of the US says that the current health care system fails to meet their needs: a. 10% b. 26% c. 43$ d. 55%
According to the Kellogg Foundation report from 2005, which aspect of medical costs are increasing fastest? a. labor b. technology c. litigation d. prescription drugs
d. prescription drugs
According to the Kellogg Foundation report from 2005, who is a more likely user of the health care system: a. a young man b. a middle aged woman c. an elderly woman d. a terminally ill elderly man
c. an elderly woman
According to the Kellogg Foundation report from 2005, changes in technology do what to costs? a. dramatically lower them b. slighly lower them c. keep them close to the same d. increase them
d. increase them
Which of these is NOT one of the 5 primary of funding health care systems? a. direct or out-of pocket payment b. bartering c. general taxation d. social health insurance e. donation or free community health
Match the term to the description:
A Single Payer Plan:
B. Socialized Medicine:
C. Universal Health Care
E. DRG Prospective Payment Sys.
1. pay certain amts of $$ for certain treatments
2. all would have access to health care
3. gov't not only pays, but provides
4. European, gov't pays for health care
5. you pay certain fee- provider takes care of you no matter the diagnosis (coop)