American Government Ch. 4&5

59 terms by studywiz_mesh

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Federalism

a system of government in which a written constitution divides the powers of government on a territorial basis between central and several smaller governments

Division of Powers

power split between national government and the states

Delegated Powers

powers expressed, implied, or inherent granted to the national government by the constitution

Expressed Powers

delegated powers of the national government that are spelled out in the constitution

Implied Powers

delegated powers not expressly stated in the constitution but reasonably suggested

Inherent Powers

powers the constitution is presumed to have delegated to the national government because it's the government of a sovereign state within the world community

Reserved Powers

powers that the constitution does not, at the same time, deny to the states

Exclusive Powers

powers can be exercised by the national government alone

Exclusive Powers

powers can be exercised by the national government alone

Concurrent Powers

powers that both the national government and the states posess and exercise

Enabling Act

an act directing the people of the territory to frame a proposed state constitution

Acts of Admission

an act creating the new state

Grants-In-Aid Program

grants of federal money or other resources to the states and/or their cities, countries, and other local units

Revenue Sharing

form of federal monetary aid under which congress gave a share of federal tax revenue, with virtually no restrictions, to the states, cities, counties, and townships

Categorical Grant

one type of federal grants-in-aid; made for some specific closely defined, purpose

Block Grant

one type of federal grants-in-aid for some particular but broadly defined area of public policy

Project Grant

one type of federal grants-in-aid; made for specific projects to states, localities, and private agences who apply for them

Interstate Compacts

agreements among themselves and with foreign states

Full Faith and Credit Clause

constitution's requirement that each State accept the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state

Extradition

the legal process by which a fugitive from justice in one state is returned to that state

Privileges and Immunities Clause

no state can draw unreasonable distinctions between its own residents and those persons who happen to live in other states

Political Party

a group of persons who seek to control government through the winning of elections and the holding of public office

Major Parties

republican and democratic parties

Partisanship

the strong support of their party and its policy stands

Party in Power

the party that controls the executive branch of government

Minor Party

one of the many political parties without wide voter support

Two-Party System

a political system dominated by two major parties

Single-Member District

electoral district from which one person is chosen by the voters for each elected office

Plurality

the largest number of votes cast for the office

Bipartisan

supported by the two parties

Pluralistic Society

one consisting of several distinct cultures and groups

Concensus

a general agreement among various groups

Multiparty

a system in which several major and many lesser parties exist, seriously compete for, and actually win, public offices

Coalition

a temporary alliance of several groups who come together to form a working majority and so to control a government

One-Party System

a political system in which only one party exists

Incumbent

current officeholder

Factions

conflicting groups

Electorate

the people eligible to vote

Sectionalism

a narrow-minded concern for, or devotion to, the interests of one section of a country

Ideological Parties

parties based on a particular set of beliefs, a comprehensive view of social, economic, and political matters

Single Issue Parties

parties that concentrate on only one public policy matter

Economic Protest Parties

parties rooted in poor economic times, lacking a clear ideological base, dissatisfied with current conditions and demanding better times

Splinter Parties

parties that have split away from one of the major parties

Ward

a unit into which cities are often divided for the election of city council members

Precinct

the smallest unit of election administration

Split-Ticket Voting

voting for candidates of different parties for different offices at the same elections

1944

Franklin Roosevelt (D)

1945

Harry S. Truman (D)

1952

Dwight Eisenhower (R)

1960

John F. Kennedy (D)

1963

Lyndon B. Johnson (D)

1968

Richard Nixon (R)

1972

Gerald Ford (R)

1976

Jimmy Carter (D)

1980

Ronald Reagan (R)

1988

George Bush Sr. (R)

1992

Bill Clinton (D)

2000

George W. Bush (R)

2008

Barack Obama (D)

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set