cpr/first aid

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cells, tissues, organs

form various body systems

oxygen, airway, lungs

respiratory system

10-20

how many times do you breathe per minute?

rise and fall of chest

breathing is observed by?

respiratory and circulatory systems

make up cardiovascular system

cardiovascular system

carries oxygen to every cell in the body

arteries, veins

blood leaves the heart through what? enters the heart through?

heart and lungs

main organs of cardiovascular system

60-80 bpm

average american pulse

heart, blood, arteries, veins

4 components of circulatory system

nervous system

includes brain and spinal cord and network of nerves

brain

controls every function in the body

sensory, motor, memory, emotion, use of language

5 things brain controls

lungs,oxygen,cells, die, brain, fail

______, if they stop working _______ will not reach the _____, cells will ___, heart, ____ and other body systems will ____

shock

the inability of the circulatory system to provide oxygenated blood to all parts of the body

ask permission

what must you always do before you help someone? especially children?

help, life

remember, you can always do something to _____.your action may even save a ___

check scene for safety, check for any life threatening conditions, if the person is talking you know they are concious, breathing and have a pulse

checking concious adult (3)

head to toe

checkin adult

toe to head

checkin child

call 911

what do you do if you are not sure of a person condition

blood borne pathogens

what must you protect yourself from when giving care?

blood borne pathogens

bacteria and viruses present in blood and body fluids that can cause diseases in humars

hepatitis b, hepatitis c, hiv

diseases of primary concern when giving care

hepatitis b, hepatitis c, hiv

spread primarily from direct of indirect contanct with infected blood or other body fluids

gloves, mask, gowns, breathing mask, hand washing

standard percautions(5)

always get consent from a parent before giving care, position yourself at their level, tell them what you are going to do before you do it, move from toe to head

checking a concious child 4

airway, breathing (look, listen feel), circulation(pulse)

abc's

check scene for safety, check if victim is concious, if not concious call 911, establish airway head tilt chin lift, look, listen and feel, check pulse at carotid for 10 seconds, check for bleeding

checking unconcious adult, child, and infant

gently roll the victim over keeping neck and back in straight line

what do you do if the victim is on their stomach?

irregular breaths shallow or gasping

what do you not confuse with regular breathing?

breaths and head tilt

what uses less force with a child?

brachial, little

where do you check an infants pulse? how much head tilt?

rescue breathing

if a victim has a pulse and is not breathing, you use

1 breath every 5 seconds

how many breaths for adult?

adults

who has most severe head tilt

rises slowly

give breaths so chest...

2 minutes

how long do you give breaths for?

25

how many breaths for adult?

1 breath every 3 seconds

how many breaths for child and infant?

check pulse for 10 seconds

what do you do after 2 minutes of rescue breathing?

cover both nose and mouth

what is different with an infant during breathing?/

too tired, more advanced personnel, scene becomes unsafe, start breathing on own

4 reasons to quit rescue breathing

noisy or painful breathing, change in skin color, unusually deep or shallow breathing

signals of breathing emergency 3

agonal breathing

unusually deep or shallow breathing

encourage coughing, ask if they are choking or can speak, do 5 back blows, followed by 5 abdominal thrusts

steps for concious choking adult, child, or infant

hand grasp at throat

universal choking sign

height and force of thrusts

for choking, what do you adjust for a child

place on forearm, place head below chest,. give 5 back blows between shoulder blades, flip over onto other forearm and give chest thrusts using 2 or 3 fingers,

consious choking infant

xyphoid process

be careful of this when treating concious choking infant

always get consent

before helping a concious choking victim,

give chest thrusts

pregnent or too large to put arms around, (choking)

first 2 breaths, reltilt head, if the air doesnt go in there is an obstruction, give 5 chest thrusts, no object give breaths, if object sweep with index finger, pinky for child and infant

unconcious choking victim

less force, 1 to 1.5 inches, pinky finger sweep

child unconcious choking

.5 to 1 inch, 2 or 3 fingers, pinky finger sweep

infand unconcious choking

adjust position slightly higher

pregnent unconcious choking

breaths make chest rise, victim starts breathing on own, trained rescuer takes over

continue care on unconcious choking victim until...

denial rationalization

most common reaction for heart attack

call 911

best thing you can do when some has a heart attack

women

dont always get chest pain before heart attack

chest pain, arm pain, jaw pain, nausea, trouble breathing, back pain, profuse sweating

7 symptoms of a heart attack

nitro-glycerine

med given to people for heart pain, vasodialator

family history

very important in heart problems

heart disease

most common reason for an adult's heart to stop beating

30 compressions, 2 breaths

cpr for adult child infant

1.5-2 inches

how much should you compress the chest during cpr?

100

how many compressions per minute?

18 seconds

how long does it take to do 30 comp

five

how many cycles of cpr do you do before checking pulse?

less head tilt, 1-1.5 inches, force of breath less, use one hand

child differences during cpr

least head tilt, 2 or 3 fingers below nipple line, brachial pulse, gentle breaths, tickle feet

infant differences during cpr

aed is available, trained rescuer takes over, scene becomes unsafe, too tired, obvious signs of life

continue giving cpr until

4

how many chambers in the heart?

atria

2 upper chambers of heart

ventricals

2 lower chambers of heart

heart attack cardiac arrest

most common heart emergencies

heart attack

lack of blood flow

cardiac arrest

electrical system problem

tachycardia

too fast of a heartbeat

automated external defibrillator

what does AED mean?

cpr

always give ___ until an AED is available

v-fib

most common use of an aed

xyphoid process

notch at end of sturnam

good samartin law

law that protects rescuer

airway breathing circulation

abc's of cpr

defibrillator

restores normal heart rhythm

1 minute

if alone, how long do you give care before calling 911

propped up bottles and toys

what are some things babies will choke on

injuries

leading cause of death for children in the US

breathing emergency

most common reason for a childs heart to stop beating

victim's leave professional

if a ______ behavior threatens you, _____ the area until _____ help arrives

scrape

damages outer layer of skin, little or no damage

cut

incision or laceration, can be jagged or smooth, results in bleeding caused by sharp objects

puncture

when a pin, splinter, nails or other pointed object pierces the skin, wound carry the potential for internal bleeding and infection

prevent shock, reduce pain, prevent infection

3 things to accomplish when treating a burn victim

depth, size, location

severity of burns based on 3 things

first degree

least severe, only affects the outer layer of skin

second degree

blistering, usually involves 2 and 3 layer of skin

third degree

most severe, damages all 7 layers of skin

clear area so victim doesnt hurt themselves, do no hold or restrain person, do not put anything in mouth

seizure treatment

hypothermia

develops when the body can no longer keep itself warm

get person into dry clothing, warm body slowly, do not give anything to eat or drink unless fully concious, avoid alcohol or caffiene

to treat hypothermia, 4

heat emergency

can lead to a heat strok

remove from hot enviroment, loosen clothing, fan, cool wet towels, small amounts of water if concious, elevate feet

to cool a person, 4

quiet, walking and talking

keep person ____.___ ____ ______ may cause increase in bleeding

sitting position leaning forward

how should someone sit with a nosebleed?

nostrils

what do you put direct pressur on during a nosebleed

cold towel

apply a __ ____ to someones face during a nosbleed

rattlesnake, copperhead, water moccasin, coral snake

4 types of snakes that are poisionous

blanket

during treatment of a victim involving the possibility of shock the rescuer must maintain body temperature by use of a _____

4 to 6

brain cells begin to die in _ __ _ minutes

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