Appearance, size, and attributes of text.
Used to emphasize a specific word.
Used to indicate book titles and other published works.
Used to indicate links to web pages and should be reserved for that purpose in most cases.
Such as in the word résumé, is used to indicate emphasis during pronunciation.
A format tool used to apply global font formats to text.
Subscripts and Superscripts
Used respectively in: Chemical definitions, such as H20 (subscript) and for footnotes or reference purposes, such as in Webster's Dictionary1 (superscript).
May be used to format titles or headings in a document.
One that has small attributes at the tips of each letter. Often used in the body of a letter or report.
Sans Serif Font
Does not include the attributes at the tips of each letter. Commonly used in title texts.
the arrangement of text within paragraphs on a page properly and uniformly formatted paragraphs are also important for communication purposes.
Used to indicate a new paragraph and offset long quotes.
Can be set for single, one and a half lines, double, or triple.
Borders and Shading
Used together or separately to emphasize a specific textual element in a document.
Bullets and Numbers
used to list items.
a. Use bullets when the items are non-sequential
b. Use numbers for procedural lists that must be accomplished in a specific order.
Most often used in reference materials. First line begins at the left margin and all remaining lines of the paragraph are indented five spaces from the left margin.
Endnotes and Footnotes
Used to add reference and commentary information to textual content.
a.Endnotes: are source references that are placed on a Notes page at the end of a document. Within the document, each reference is indicated by a superscripted number or symbol.
b.Footnotes:Are source references that are placed at the bottom of the same page and are indicated by a superscripted number or symbol within the document.
Cut and Paste
A tool used in paragraph formatting that allows the user to move text from one location to another.
are keyed in bold and followed by a period at the beginning of a paragraph to give the reader a quick idea about the content of the paragraph.
used to align and organize data into groups and subgroups.
a.A left justified tab allows text to be aligned at the left margin.
b.A right justified tab allows text to be aligned at the right margin.
c.A dot leader tab places a series of periods between two sets of tabs or a tab or a tab and a margin.
Used to arrange text in columns and rows and are helpful in presenting, organizing, and clarifying information.
arrangement of text on a page. The arrangement of text on a page is the culmination of text and paragraph formatting that presents the final picture and communicates a message to a reader.
The amount of white space around the sides of a document.
landscape (wider than tall) or portrait (taller than wide).
Headers and Footers
Add global information to a document, such as page numbers and document titles.
May be manual or automatic and are used to manage the content on a page
a. Soft Page Break - occurs automatically, text is continued to the next page when the space on the previous page is exhausted
b. Hard Page Break - Performed manually when a new page is needed for a break or change in content.
Used to format text for documents such as newspapers and newsletters.
Used in page formatting to add lines around text or graphic images.