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What are 3 tyoes of power the Constitution grants the national government? What are these powers called?

1. expressed
2. implied
3. inherent
DELEGATED POWERS

Expressed Powers

powers directly stated in the constitution

What is another name for expressed powers?

enumerated powers

Implied Powers

powers that the government requires to carry out expressed constitutional powers

What is the constitutional basis for implied powers?

necessary and proper clause

What is another name for the necessary and proper clause and why is it called this?

the elastic clause and because it allows congress to stretch their powers

How have implied powers helped the national government?

they helped to strengthen and expand authority to meet many problems that the founding fathers did not forsee

Inherent Powers

powers that the national government may excersize simply because it is a government

Reserved Powers

powers that belong strictly to the states

The states may excersize and power not delegated to the __________ government, reserved to the ________ or ________ to them by the Constitution.

national
states
prohibited

Supremacy Clause

statement in Article VI of the Constitution establishing that the Constitution, laws passed by Congress, and treaties of the US "shall be supremem law of the land"

Concurrent Powers

powers both the national and state government have

WHAT ARE THREE THINGS THE CONSTITUTION SAYS THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT MUST DO FOR THE STATES?

1. GUARENTEE EACH STATE A REPUBLICAN FOR OF GOVERNMENT
2. PROTECT AGAINST INVASION AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
3. DUTY TO REPECT TERRITORIAL INTEGRETY OF EACH STATE

Republican form of Government

a representative form of government

Who enforces the promise of a republican form of government?

congress

How does Congress show it accepts the ststea government as a republic?

they allow senators and representatives from a state to take a seat in congress

The national government must protect states from _______ and _________ ___________

invasion
domestic violence

An attack by a foreign power on a state is considered an attack on the ________ _______

United States

Congress has given the President authority to send _________ troops to put down domestic disorders when state official ask for help

federal

UNDER WHAT 3 CONDITIONS CAN THE PRESIDENT SEND IN TROOPS WITHOUT PERMISSION OF STATE OFFICIALS?

1. WHEN NATIONAL LAWS ARE VIOLATED
2. FEDERAL PROPERTY IS THREATENED
3. FEDERAL RESPONSIBILITIES ARE INTERFERRED WITH

How has the national government expanded its definition of domestic violence

it now includes natural disasters such as earthquakes, troops, hurricanes, and tornados

The national governemtn cannot use _______ that is part of an existing state to create a new state unless the national government has permission form the legistlature of the stae involved.

territory

The Constitution goves _______ the power to admit new states to the union

Congress

WHAT ARE 2 RESTRICTIONS ON THE POWER TO ADMIT NEW TATES TO THE UNION

1. NO STATE MAY BE FORMED BY TAKING TERRITORY FROM ONE OR MORE STATES W/OUT CONSENT OF THE STATE AND CONGRESS
2. ACT OF ADMISSION, LIKE ALL LAWS, ARE SUBJECTED TO PRESIDENTIAL VETO

The admission p[rocedure for states when Congress passes and ______ ______

enabling act

What does an enabling act allow a state to do

people involved of the territory are allowed to establish a constitution

Who has to sign an enabling act

the President

After a state has been drafted and approved by popular vote, it is submitted to _______

congress

Name the last two states to be admitted to the union and the year they were admitted

Alask and Hawaii in 1959

Once admitted to the union each state is _____ to every state and has no more ____ or fewer obligation

equal
priviiledges

WHAT ARE THE 2 OBLIGATIONS STATES PERFORM FOR THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT

1. STATE AND LOCAL GOV. CONDUCT AND PAY FOR NATIONAL ELECTIONS
2. PLAY A KEY ROLE IN AMMENDING

Because federalism divides the power of government, conflicts which arise are usually settled by the _____ courts particularly the _____ ____

federal
supreme court

WHAT ARE 3 THINGS ARTICE IV REQUIRES OF THE STATES

1. GIVE FULL FAITH AND CREDIT TO THE LAWS, RECORDS, AND COURT DECIONS OF OTHER STATES
2. GIVE ONE ANOTHERS CITIZENS ALL PRIVLEDGES AND IMMUNITIES OF THEIR OWN CITIZENS
3. EXTRADITE CRIMINALS AND FUGITIVES WHO FLEE ACROSS STATE LINES TO ESCAPE JUSTICE

Full Faith and Credit Clause

each state must recognize laws and legal preceedings of other states

Why was there a need for a rule requiring each state to recognize the laws and legal preceedings of other states

1. w/out it each state could treat others like foreign countries
2. each state could become a haven for people who decided to move to another state to avoid legal duties and responsibilities

No state may ______ unreasonibley against the citizens of another state

discriminate

Each state must provide citizens of other states the same ______ and _____ it provides its own citizens

priviledges
immunities

THE COURTS HAVE NEVER GIVEN A COMPLETE LISTING OF PRIVLEGES AND IMMUNITIES. LIST 5

1. RIGHT TO PASS THROUGH OR LIVE IN ANY STATE
2. USE COURTS
3. MAKE CONTRACTS
4. BUY, SELL, AND HOLD PROPERTY
5. MARRY

LIST 6 WAYS STATES CAN LEGALLY DISCRIMINATE AGAINST CITIZENS OF ANOTHER STATE

1. VOTING
2. SERVING ON JURIES
3. USING CERTAIN PUBLIC FACILITIES
4. LIVING IN A STATE FOR A CERTAIN AMOUNT OF TIME FOR CERTAIN PROFESSIONS
5. PAY MORE FOR HUNTING AND FISHING LICENSES
6. PAY MORE FOR COLLEGE TUTITION

Extadition

legal procedure through which a person accused of a crime that has fled to another state is returned to the state where the crime took place

Congress has made _____ of each state which a fugitive has fled responsible for returning them

govorners

Interstate Compact

states must settle differences w/ one another w/out use of force

Both the _____ gov. and _____ countries may be involved with states in interstate compacts

national
foreign

LIST 4 PROBLEMS STATES USE INTERSTATE COMPACTS TO HELP SOLVE TODAY

1. WATER POLLUTION
2. PEST CONTROL
3. TOLL BRIDGES
4. TRANSPORTATION

The ___ ____ is the only court in which states can sue each other

supreme court

Defense of Marrige Act

a law passed by congress and signed by President Clinton in 1996, this law bans federal recognition of same sex marrige and allows states not to honor same sex marriges peformed legally in other states

The defense of marrige act further said only heterosexual marriges would be recognized for ____ ____ such as ___ and ____ _______

federal benifits
Social Security
Gov. Pentions

In 2000 ______ became the first state to santion _____ _____ between same sex couples

Vermont
civil unions

A ceremony is performed by a _____ or a _____ ___

judge
clergy member

Vermont does not require _____ or ____ tests

residency
blood

Once united what are the benifits same sex couples receive in Vermont

couple entitled to all benifits protections and responsibilitesa that are granted to married couples

Same sex marriges have now been legalized in ______ ; ______ ; ______; ________ ___________; ____________

Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticutt, New Hampshire, Washington, D.C.

IN _____ _____; ______ _____; and _______ same sex marriges are regognized but notperformed

New York; Rhode Island; and Maryland

Policy

stated plan of action

Announcing a policy mean a person or organization has decided upon a way of handling similar _____

issues

Public Policy

course of action a Gov. takes in response to some issue of problem

What are two way federalism affects public policy

1. how and where new policeies are made in the us
2. introduces limits on gov. policy making

The existence of 50 state gov. and more the ______ total gov. in the US encourages expirimenting with new poilicies an ideas

87, 900

Federalism allows states to act a ____ _____ or laboratories, where new policies can be developed and tested

proving grounds

___ was the first state to allow 18 year olds to vote

Georgis

______ pioneered sunset laws

Colorado

Sunset laws

requires periodic checks of gov agencies to see if they are still needed

In _______ local interest groups concerned with the environment were able to get the state to start new ____ _____ conrol programs

California
Air Pollution

California laws became a model for national ____ _____ laws

air pollution

______ passed sunshine laws

Florida

Sunshine Laws

prohibits public official from holding closed meetings

Dual Federalism

form of federalism in which states and the national government each remain supreme within their own spheres

Cooperative Federalism

form of federalism w/ mingled respondibilities and blurred distintion between responsibilities

Fiscal Federalism

pattern of spending and providing grantsin the federal system

Grants-in-Aids

main instrument the national gov uses for both aiding and influencing states and localities

_____ is the main source of federal aid

categorical grants

Cross Over Sanctions

using federal dollars in one program in influence state and local policy in another (witholding federal funds unless ates up drinking age)

Cross Cutting Sanction

occurs when conditon on one federal grant is extended to all activites supported by federal funds regardless of there source

PRoject Grants

mmost common type of categorical grant; is awarded on a basis of comeptitive applications

Formula Grants

distributed according to a formula: states and local gov automatically receive funds bases on a formula developed from factors such as population, or per capita income, percentage of rural population

Block Grants

used to support broad programs in areas like community developement and social services

Underfunded Federal MAndate

program mandated by COngress and administered by the states but only paticially funded by the federal gov

Unfunded Federal Mandate

programs mandated by congress where state and local gov must soend money to comply but receive no financial help from the gov

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