|Objective Case||(IO,DO,OP) Pronouns: me, him, her, them, us, whom|
|Nominative Case||(S, PN) I, he, she, they, we, who|
|(DO) Direct Object||takes an action verb and answers the question. "(action verb) who or what?"|
|(IO) Indirect Object||takes an action verb and answers the question. "(action verb) to who or whom?"|
|(OP) Object of a preposition||The object will be the very next noun or pronoun AFTER the preposition.|
|(S) Subject||Noun and answers. "Who or what...(rest of sentence)?"|
|(PN) Predicate Nominative||renames the subject and follows a state of being verb. Ex: is|
|Singular Indefinite Pronouns||another, anybody, anyone, anything, each, either, everybody, everyone, everything, neither, nobody, no one, one, somebody, someone|
|Plural Indefinite Pronouns|| both, few, many, several|
Bob Fought Many Sharks
|Singular of Plural Indefinite Pronouns|| all, any, most, none, some|
In this case....
look into prepositional phrase to see if subject is singular or plural.
|Singular||Words of Amount and Time|
|If noun is singular use...||a singular verb which ends with an S.|
|If noun is plural use...||a plural verb which doesn't end in S.|
|Parallelism|| Error: A solution might be taking a deep breath, listening to music, or to spend time with family.|
Corrected: A solution might be taking a deep breath, listening to music, or spending time with family.
|Parallelism|| Error: He enjoyed traveling to Wisconsin where he would spend time hiking, fishing, and he also liked to camp out.|
Corrected: He enjoyed traveling to Wisconsin where he would spend time hiking, fishing, and camping.
|Singular|| possessive singluar nouns not ending in s by adding an apostrophe plus the letter s.|
Ex: The dog's tail.
|Plural but doesn't end in S|| possesive plural nouns not ending in s by adding an apostrophe plus the letter s.|
Ex: The children's toys.
|Plural|| possessive plural nouns that end in s by adding just an apostrophe.|
Ex: The boys' soccer team.
|Awkward|| Jesus(iz)=>Jesus' teachings|
|Items in a series|| use commas to separate _____ __ _ _______.|
Ex: Steve enjoys eating, running, reading, and breathing.
|Transitions|| parenthetical expressions are set off by commas.|
Ex: Therefore, Steve headed straight to Skyline.
For example, Nevertheless, In fact, etc.
|Intro Abverbial Clause|| Use a comma after an ___ ________ _______. (SWABI)|
Ex: When Skyline closed, Steve went home.
|Intro Participial Phrase|| Put a comma after an _____ _______ ________. |
Ex: Craving something hot and spicy, Steve went to Skyline.
|Independent Clauses|| Use a comma before a conjunction when it is connecting __________ ___________.|
Ex: Steve went to Skyline, but I went home.
|Mild Interjections||Use a comma after ___________ ____________ such as "oh," "yes," "no," and "well."|
|Off Set Direct Quote|| Use commas to set off explanatory words that precede or follow a direct quotation.|
(ex. Steve said, Steve replied, and Steve asked)
Steve said, "Let's go to the Skyline in Montgomery."
|Interrupter|| use commas to set off one or more words that ____________ the flow of thought in a sentence.|
Ex: Steve, however, was not interested in going to Empress Chili.
|non-essential appositives phrase|| Use commas to set off not necessary _________.|
Ex: Skyline, the best resaurant in town, opened early just for Steve.
|non-essential adjective clause|| use commas to set off: who, whos, which. (common intros of _____)|
Ex: Steve, who was my closet acquaintance, never had a girlfriend because he always smelled like chili.
|Capitalization|| My mom went to the mall. (his/her, your, my)|
I went to the mall with Mom. (a name could be substituted)
|Concerning Classes|| Languages are always capitalized.|
Other classes are capitalized when they are follwed by a section number.
|Incomplete construction|| He is smarter than (I, me).|
|Comparative vs. Superlative|| He is taller than his brother. (comparing two)|
He is the tallest student in the class. (comparing more than two)
|Affect vs. Effect|| That affected me. (verb)|
That had a tremendous effect on my grade. (noun)
|Spelling|| to vs. too|
loose vs. lose
participial vs. participle
|Split Infinitive|| cannot split [to] infinitive and [go] verb.|
Error: Bob wanted to not go to the mall.
Correct: Bob wanted not to go to the mall.
|Adjectives of Equal Rank|| comma between two adjectives that are equal and can be switched around and put an and in there and it sounds natural|
Ex: Steve bought a hot, tasty bowl of chili.