Chapter 10& 11 Medical Terms

50 terms by TashaP0420 

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neonatology

medical term meaning " study of newborns."

multigravida

medical term meaning " more than one pregnancy."

menorrhagia

medical term meaning excessive bleeding during the menstrual period.

dysmenorrhea

medical term for difficult menstrual flow (cramping).

dystocia

diagnostic term that means "difficult labor and childbirth.

pelvicmetry

measurement of the pelvic area to see if the fetus can be delivered vaginally.

crptorchidism...

the failure of the testes to descend into the scrotal sac before birth.

balanitis...

medical term meaning "inflammation the glans penis.

aspermia...

medical term meaning "state of no sperm".

prostate cancer...

PSA procedure that provides a screening test.

perineum...

region between the vaginal orifice and the anus.

embryo

from the time the fertilized egg implants in the uterus until approx. the end of the 8th wk, the infant is known as

40 weeks

normal length of time for a pregnancy, gestation.

puberty

beginning of menstruation and the ability to reproduce.

miscarriage...

spontaneous abortion.

pelvic ultrasonography...

use of ultrasound waves to produce an image of an organ, such as the uterus, ovaries, or fetus.

amniocentesis

puncturing of the amniotic sac using a needle and syringe.

vasectomy

removal of a segment or all the vas deferns to prevent sperm from leaving the male body.

castration...

removal of the testicles in the male and the ovaries in the female.

spermatolysis...

medical term meaning "sperm destruction."

PI...

abbreviation for "first delivery".

hysterectomy

medical term that means "surgical removal of the uterus".

mammoplasty...

medical term that means "surgical repair of the breast".

mastectomy...

medical term that means " surgical removal of the breast".

hysterectomy

surgical removal of the uterus.

androgen, estrogen, progesterone

responsible for reproduction and secondary sexual characteristics.

insulin

regulates and promotes entry of glucose into cells.

above the kidneys

the two adrenal glands are located where?

menstrual cycle

estrogen is responsive for the appearance of the female sexual characteristics of the

master gland

pituitary glands is sometimes referred to as

adrenomegaly

enlarged adrenal glands

hypocalcemia

low calcium in the blood

hypoglycemia

low sugar in the blood

hyperkalemia

excessive potassium in the blood

thymectomy

removal of the thymus

hyperthyroidism

state of excessive thyroid

polydipsia

much (excessive) thirst

glycosuria

sugar in the urine

hirsutism

excessive amount of hair

Type 1 diabetes mellitus

insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus is also called

thyromegaly

enlargement of the thyroid gland

thyrotoxicosis

marked overproduction of the thyroid gland.

thyroid function test

blood test to measure the levels of thyroxin, triiodotyronine and thyroid-stimulating hormone in the bloodstream to assist in determining thyroid function.

Glucose tolerance test

test to determine the blood sugar level.

Fasting blood sugar

blood test to measure the amount of sugar circulating throughout the body after a 12 hour fast.

adrenalectomy

removal of the adrenal glands

obesity

having abnormal amounts of fat in the body

dorsal surface of the thyroid gland

where are the 4 tiny parathyroid glands located

underneath the brain

where the the pituitary glands located

scrotal sac of the male

the two testes are the two oval glands that are located where?

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