SOL VOCABULARY 101-134

34 terms by swaggydaddyyolo 

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FIVE PILLARS

THE BASIC CONCEPTS OF ISLAM.

SUNNI

ISLAMIC SECT BELIEVING THE CALIPHATE COULD BE HELD BY ANY DEVOUT MUSLIM.

SHI'A/SHITTE

ISLAMIC SECT BELIEVING THE CALIPHATE SHOULD BE HELD BY A DESCENDANT OF
MUHAMMAD.

DOME OF THE ROCK

HOLY MOSQUE BUILT ON A SITE IN JERUSALEM FROM WHERE MUHAMMAD ASCENDED TO HEAVEN.

MOORS

MUSLIMS OF SPAIN.

BATTLE OF TOURS

ENDED THE EXPANSION OF ISLAM INTO WESTERN EUROPE.

MONASTERY

A RELIGIOUS COMMUNITY OF MEN WHO HAVE TAKEN RELIGIOUS VOWS.

MISSIONARIES

PEOPLE WHO SPREAD A RELIGIOUS MESSAGE.

PARISH

THE LOCAL CONGREGATION OF CATHOLICISM WITH A PRIEST AS LEADER.

MANOR

AN ESTATE WITH PEASANT WORKERS GRANTED TO A NOBLE IN EXCHANGE FOR LOYALTY AND
MILITARY HELP.

VASSAL

. A NOBLE WHO RECEIVED LAND FROM AND SERVED A HIGHER-RANKING LORD.

FRANKS

MEDIEVAL PEOPLES LIVING IN THE AREA OF PRESENT DAY FRANCE.

ARCHIPELAGO

. A GROUP OR CHAIN OF ISLANDS.

SHINTO

ETHNIC RELIGION OF JAPAN.

COMMON LAW

. LAW BASED ON JUDICIAL OPINION.

MAGNA CARTA

. DOCUMENT RESTRICTING THE POWERS OF THE ENGLISH KING AND LISTING INDIVIDUAL FREEDOMS FOR ENGLISH PEOPLE.

CRUSADES

. RELIGIOUS WARS TO RECONQUER MIDDLE EASTERN HOLY LANDS, ESPECIALLY JERUSALEM, BY CHRISTIANITY.

SECULAR

. REFERS TO NON-RELIGIOUS ORGANIZATIONS/BELIEFS.

REINCARNATION

BELIEF THAT A PERSON WILL RETURN AFTER THEIR DEATH IN ANOTHER FORM.

KARMA

THE IDEA THAT ONE'S ACTIONS IN LIFE DETERMINE ONE'S DESTINY AND FUTURE.

ANIMISM

RELIGIOUS BELIEF IN SPIRITS, WHICH REGULATE DAILY LIFE, ARE PRESENT IN ANIMALS, PLANTS, AND OTHER NATURAL FORCES INCLUDING SOULS OF DEAD ANCESTORS.

VEDAS

RELIGIOUS SCRIPTURES OF HINDUISM.

CASTE

. A RIGID SOCIAL CLASS SYSTEM ON USED BY THE ARYA IN INDIA WHICH PLACED PEOPLE IN A PARTICULAR SOCIAL CLASS FROM WHICH THEY COULD NOT MOVE.

NOBLE TRUTHS

MAIN IDEAS OF THE RELIGIOUS PHILOSOPHY OF BUDDHISM.

EIGHTFOLD PATH TO ENLIGHTENMENT

THE COURSE IN BUDDHISM THAT WOULD LEAD TO FREEDOM FROM THE CYCLE OF REBIRTH.

GUPTA EMPIRE

. GOLDEN AGE OF CLASSICAL INDIA.

GREAT WALL

FORTIFIED BARRIER CONSTRUCTED BY SHI HUANGDI TO PROTECT EAST ASIAN PEOPLE FROM ATTACKS.

CIVIL SERVICE

PROFESSIONAL GOVERNMENT ORGANIZATION WHICH REQUIRED TESTING IN ORDER TO WORK
IN GOVERNMENT.

YIN/YANG

REPRESENTATION OF GOOD AND EVIL OR ANY OPPOSING FORCES IN CONFUCIANISM.

CASTLE

. MEDIEVAL BUILDING DESIGNED TO PROTECT THE MANOR/FIEF FROM INVASION.

(BUBONIC PLAGUE) BLACK DEATH

PLAGUE THAT KILLED UP TO 1/3 OF EUROPEANS DURING THE MIDDLE AGES.

RENAISSANCE

PERIOD OF RENEWED INTEREST IN CLASSICAL CULTURE DURING THE LATE MEDIEVAL PERIOD IN EUROPE.

GUTENBERG BIBLE

THE FIRST FULL SIZED BOOK PRINTED WITH MOVABLE TYPE AND THE PRINTING PRESS.

USURY

THE PRACTICE OF LENDING MONEY AND CHARGING INTEREST, WHICH WAS OPPOSED BY THE MEDIEVAL CHURCH.

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