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Minerals

example of inorganic nutrients

Protein

is an organic nutrient

Lipids

are the most energy dense nutrients (provide the most calories per gram

Vitamins

nutrients that provide no energy

healthful diet characteristics

adequacy, balance, moderation and variety

balance

refers to eating the right proportions of food.

process of digestion order

mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine

small intestine

organ which the majority of nutrients are absorbed.

Grains

the bulk of one's calories should come from grains

My Pyramid

The dietary guidelines for Americans recommends using the My pyramid to assist in designing a healthful diet.

The new pyramid take into account all things except

ethnicity

absorption

the process in which nutrients pass thorugh the wall of the gastrointestinal tract

which of the following is not required on a food label

calcium

ingredients

are listed from greatest to least abundant on food labels order.

If you had a food label that said it contained 26 grams of carbs and you consumed 3 servings how many calories did you consume?

312

Hunger is

a physiological desire to consume food.

Immediately after absorption, what circulatory system carries most of the fat-soluble nutrients?

lymphatic

In which group are cheeses listed in the exchange system?

meat

DASH diet

goal is to reduce rates of HTN

Responding to the presence of protein and fat in our meal, cholecystokinin (CCK) signals the gallbladder to release a substance called:

Bile

The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends consuming less then ______mg of sodium/day

2300

Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) were established to refocus nutrient recommendations toward preventing

chronic diseases

The exchange system was originally designed for individuals with

diabetes mellitus

USDA

The government agency that regulates the food labels on fresh meat and poultry in the US

Gastrin

the hormone that is released after the ingestion of a meal and triggers the stomach to release digestive juices.

percent daily value

the information provided on a food label that identifies how much a serving of food contributes to your intake of nutrients based on 2, 000 calories a day

ileum

the last portion of the small intestine

case controlled study

the type of study that compares a group of individuals with a disease to another similar but healthy group

vitamins are classified into two groups

fat soluble and water soluble

H. pylori bacteria

The primary cause of peptic ulcers

carbohydrates

the primary source of fuel for the brain

What percentage of deaths in the United states can be attributed to unhealthy lifestyles behaviors such as smoking, alcohol misuse, physical activity and unbalanced diets?

40%

Which dietary standard defines the ranges of intakes for the macronutrients and is expressed as percentages of total energy?

AMDR

Portal vein

the large vessel transports absorbed nutrients to the liver

Wheat and lentils

examples of carbohydrate-rich foods

What is a limitation to the food pyramid

Recommended serving sizes do not always coincide with the foods people buy.

Pancreas

organ responsible for manufacturing and secreting of many digestive enzymes and bicarbonates.

Nutrient density

consuming foods that have the most nutrients for their calories.

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