PHC Unofficial AP English Lang. & Comp. Vocab Guide (Week 7)

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Week 7 vocab words of the Unofficial AP English Language and Composition Vocabulary Guide

genre

an artistic group, kind, or style based on content, technique, and form [noun]; pertaining to a literary type [adjective]

nonfiction

factual prose, as opposed to imaginative works; a group of works in the category of factual prose

short story

prose fiction usually focusing on one theme and usually under 10,000 words in length

Short short story

prose fiction shorter than the short story, usually condensed in both form and nature

biography

a written account of a person's life by another

autobiography

a written account of a person's life by himself or herself

memoir

prose about another person's life written by someone with personal, intimate connection, knowledge, and experience

fiction

imaginative writing; a group of works in the category of imaginative writing

novel

an extensive work of fiction in story form [noun]; new or unique [adjective]

allegory

a symbolic narrative story, play, poem, or picture where the obvious meaning has a symbolic, embedded meaning—usually spiritual or moral in nature; a group of works in the category of symbolic story

fable

a brief tale written to teach a moral, often including inanimate objects and/or animals [noun]; a fictitious story [noun]; spoken as if it were true [verb]; to lie [verb]

legend

a story passed down over time that is not provable but is believed to be true; a group of works in the category of non-provable stories believed to be true; the part of a map that explains symbols

ballad

a simple, slow, and often romantic song of folk beginnings that repeats stanzas to the same melody; a poetic written piece composed originally for song

epic

referring to a piece of writing usually concerning a hero and his/her feats, written in a style that is grandiose and sweeping in nature [adjective]; great (majestic, classic, larger-than-life, impressive, grand) [adjective]; large [adjective]; a composition that is grandiose [noun]

drama

a play [noun]; a story of a more serious nature with characters in conflict that is usually strong in tone and emotion, tragic, or vivid [noun]; a display of strong emotions [noun]

science fiction

a fiction work often set in the future that uses speculative science and technology in the story line; sometimes called the literature of ideas; themes may include alternate time lines, other worlds and aliens, but is always based on the knowledge of the real world; a group of works in the category of fiction in the future using ideas of speculative science; referring to something characterized by futuristic science that is fictitious in nature

Primitivist literature/primitivism literature

A style of literature and art in the 20th century that revolted against luxury and
sophistication, stressing living simply and with a belief in man's natural goodness;
discontent with the present led to adoration and elevation of the past [noun]

prose

ordinary speech, without rhyme or rhythm, opposite to poetry

prose poem

prose in narrative form written in a poetic structure and style with rhythm

romance/chivalric romance

a novel highlighting the dynamics of growing relationship where the protagonist ends up within the desired relationship, usually sentimental and idealized in nature [noun]; a novel highlighting heroic deeds and pageantry [noun]; chivalric romance: a medieval narrative in one verse [noun]; the literary genre encompassing novels with sentimental, idealized love interests [noun]; a love affair [noun]; to act in a way as to bring another into a love relationship [verb]; a spirit of adventure [noun]; to describe a person, place, or thing with the characteristics of wooing to love [adjective]; also written as the word, romantic; a word coming from a language of the Italian branch, called a Romance language [adjective]

romantic irony

a literary device, historically called English romantic irony but also found in other European and contemporary works, that uses a self-mirroring and playful attitude toward a normally-serious interaction with a literary narrative through a reminder that the author is present; the style is given origination with Schlegal (1772-1829), who is known to use aphorisms and paradox

soliloquy

a speech, most common in drama as a theatrical device, given by a single character who is often talking to himself, unaware of those around him or her

parable

a short allegorical story used to teach a spiritual or moral truth [noun]

deferential

showing respect (admiring, reverent, courteous)

complacent

pleasantly unbothered and even unaware of potential difficulty (untroubled); self-satisfied (smug)

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