Psychology Ch 13 Vocabulary

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psychological disorder

In order to be classified as a __________, behavior must be deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional, (p. 459)

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

__________ is a psychological disorder characterized by one or more of three symptoms: extreme inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. (p. 461)

medical model

The __________holds that psychological disorders are illnesses that can be diagnosed, treated, and, in most cases, cured, often through treatment in a psychiatric hospital, (p. 461)

DSM-IV

__________ is a short name for the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fourth Edition, Text Revision), which provides a widely used system of classifying psychological disorders, (p. 463)

Anxiety disorders

__________ involve distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety, (p. 466)

generalized anxiety disorder

In the __________, the person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal for no apparent reason, (p. 467)

panic disorder

A __________ is an episode of intense dread accompanied by chest pain, dizziness, or choking. It is essentially an escalation of the anxiety associated with generalized anxiety disorder, (p. 467)

phobia

A __________ is an anxiety disorder in which a person has a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object or situation, (p. 467)

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

__________ is an anxiety disorder in which the person experiences uncontrollable and repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and actions (compulsions), (p. 469)

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

__________ is an anxiety disorder characterized by haunting memories, nightmares, social withdrawal, jumpy anxiety, and/or insomnia lasting four weeks or more following a traumatic experience, (p. 469)

Dissociative disorders

__________ involve a separation of conscious awareness from one's previous memories, thoughts, and feelings, (p. 472)

dissociative identity disorder

The __________ is a dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities; also called multiple personality disorder, (p. 473)

Personality disorders

__________ are characterized by inflexible and enduring maladaptive character traits that impair social functioning, (p. 474)

antisocial personality disorder

The __________ is a personality disorder in which the person is aggressive, ruthless, and shows no sign of a conscience that would inhibit wrongdoing, (p. 474)

Mood disorders

__________ are characterized by emotional extremes, (p. 476)

Major depressive disorder

__________ is the mood disorder that occurs when a person exhibits the lethargy, feelings of worthlessness, or loss of interest inJ family, friends, and activities characteristic of depression for more than a two-week period andH for no discernible reason. Because of its relative frequency, depression has been called the "common cold" of psychological disorders, (p. 477)

Mania

__________ is the wildly optimistic, euphoric, hyperactive state that alternates with depression in the bipolar disorder, (p. 477)

Bipolar disorder

__________ is the mood disorder in which a person alternates between depression and the euphoria of a manic state, (p. 477)

Schizophrenia

__________ refers to the group of severe disorders whose symptoms may include disorganized and delusional thinking, inappropriate emotions and actions, and disturbed perceptions, (p. 485)

Delusions

__________ are false beliefs that often are symptoms of psychotic disorders, (p. 486)

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