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conch

In architecture, a concha is a plain semi-dome of an apse; sometimes the term is used to describe the entire apse.

Greek Cross plan

Church plan with a square central mass and four arms of equal length (Byzantine)

gallery

a covered corridor (especially one extending along the wall of a building and supported with arches or columns)

codex

bound on both sides , is an illustrated book that tells a religious legend or explains a religious ritual.

triptych altarpiece

a picture or relief carving on three panels, typically hinged together side by side and used as an altarpiece; a set of three associated artistic, literary, or musical works intended to be appreciated together

diptych altarpiece

a painting or carving (especially an altarpiece) on two panels (usually hinged like a book)

pendentive

in a domed building, an inwardly curving triangular section of the vaulting that provides a transition from the round base of the dome to the supporting piers - Hagia Sophia.

Caesaropapism

refers to the dual role of the head of State and leader of the Church in which the temporal ruler extends his own powers to ecclesiastical and theological matters.

iconoclasm

the destruction of images used in religious worship.

icons

small portable paintings depicting Christ, the Virgin, or saints (or a combination of all three)

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