8th Grade Vocabulary Words

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Vocabulary study guides for our set of 8th grade vocabulary words, plus Greek and Latin base/prefixes

alliteration

the repetition of initial sounds

allusion

a reference to a well-known person, place, thing, or idea

analogy

a comparison of two or more similar objects

antagonist

a character that opposes the main character

bibliography

a list of written sources of information

main character

the most important figure in a story

minor characters

the "support cast" in a story

dynamic character

a character in the story that changes

static character

a character that does not change

climax

the most important part of the story; the turning point

conflict

a struggle between opposing forces

dialogue

the conversation that occurs within a story

clutch

to clasp or hold tightly

prodigy

a person with exceptional talent

liable

likely to

sidekick

a close friend

crouch

to stoop down with bent knees

acute

sharp or keen

conceive

to think of

vex

to disturb or annoy

anthrop

man

aster, astr

star

aud

to listen or hear

auto, aut

self

carn

flesh

chron

time

chrom

color

cord, cor, card

heart

cycl, cyclo

wheel

dem

people

dic, dict

say, speak

dorm

sleep

equi

equal

stifled

smothered

crevice

crack

stealthily

cautiously, secretly

audacity

shameless daring or boldness

fin

end, finished

flex, flect

bend

fort, forc

strong

fract, frag

break

vehemently

with intense emotion

derision

ridicule; make fun of

hypocritical

to say one thing but mean another

lark

a carefree or spirited adventure

graph

write

hemo, hema

blood

junction

a place where two roads meet

sinister

suggesting or threatening evil

assurance

a guarantee or pledge

monotony

tedious sameness

impromptu

unplanned

ajar

partially open

tentatively

uncertainly or hesitantly

tremor

nervous trembling; shaking

commence

to begin

hetero

different

hydr, hydro, hydra

water

hypn

sleep

loc, loco

place

fiction

writing from the writer's imagination

figurative language

using figures of speech to heighten meaning; simile, metaphor, and alliteration are examples

flashback

interruption in the narrative to show an episode from the past

micro-

small

numer-

number

phil-

love

phobia

fear

phon

sound

sacr, secr

sacred

sci

to know

spir

breath

tact, tang, tag

touch

terra

earth

therm

heat

beckon

to signal to come

gnarled

twisted, roughened as if from age or work

foreshadowing

a hint to the reader of what is to come

ominous

threatening

genre

a category of literature

tangible

able to be seen, touched, and understood

absurd

ridiculously unreasonable

refute

to prove as false

impair

to weaken or damage

proportional

having a constant relationship in degree or number

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