US History: Fall Final 2013

58 terms by gracemigz

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He invented the cotton gin

Eli Whitney

Un the Missouri Compromise this state was admitted as a free state

Maine

In the long conflict between Great britain and France, America sided with

neither; America remained neutral

Little Turtle was the leader of what tribe?

Miami

The Battle of Fallen Timbers

was won by General "Mad" Anthony Wayne and ended Native American Resistance in Ohio

America's second president was

John Adams

The election of 1800 was won by

Thomas Jefferson

Jackson's closest advisors were members of his

Kitchen Cabinet

Pierre L'Enfant was

a French architect who drew up the plan of Washington DC

In his Farewell Address, Washington warned America against

entangled alliances and political parties

The presidential tie in 1800 the resulted int tithe 12th Amendment included

Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr

America's first Secretary of State

Thomas Jefferson

A protective tariff on a foreign-made product benefits

American manufacturers of the same product

Marbury and Madison established the principle of

federal supremacy

The battle of new Orleans was won by

Andrew Jackson

The United states purchased Louisiana from

France

Putting one's regional interests over those of the country as awhile is

sectionalism

John C Calhoun and Henry Clay were

congressmen and war hawks

The Battle of Fallen Timbers ended Native American resistance in

Ohio

William Henry Harrison

won the Battle of Tippecanoe

The Alien and Sedition Acts were passed during the presidency of

John Adams

John Marshall was appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court by

John Adams

The Cherokees march on the Trail of Tears took place during the presidency of

Andrew Jackson

America's first vice president was

John Adams

Forcing American sailors to serve in the British Navy was called

impressment

The president pro temp ore of the Senate is

the longest serving member of the majority party

The Constitution was ratified by

state conventions convened in each state

The minimum age for a member of the House of Representatives

25

The author of the Bill of Rights was

James Madison

The President's annual report to the nation is known as

his State of the union Address

The vice-president of the united States also serves as

President of the Senate

The right to petition the government in found in

the first Amendment

In order for the Senate or House to vote on a bill, how many members must be present?

a quorum or majority

A law that makes illegal an action that was legal when committed is

an ex post facto law

Overriding a presidential veto of a bill requires

a two-thirds vote by both houses of Congress

If Congress passes a bill and sends it to the president at least two weeks before a scheduled adjournment, and the president neither signs nor returns it, that bill

becomes law

If a member or the House of Representatives dies in office

a special election is held in the representative's district to replace him/her

New states may be admitted to the Union if

approved by Congress

Responsible for bringing the CHARGE of impeachment against a president or another federal official

House of Representitives

The powers of Congress are listed in

Article I

Bills that involve raising revenue must be first proposed

in the House of Representatives

The Vice president, in his capacity as President of the State, votes only

to break a tie

the powers of the President are listed in

Article II

The powers of the judiciary are found in

Article III

The author of the Bill of Rights is

James Madison

The president is not responsible for

declaring war

a federal official who is impeached is TRIED by

the House of Representatives

When the Constitution was written, Senators were chosen by

the legislatures of the States they represented

Judges of the Supreme Court and lesser federal courts serve for

good behavior (life)

The minimum age for a member of the Senate

30

In order to serve as Vice President, a candidate must be

35

A title of nobility may be granted by

neither a state nor the federal government

Senators are elected for

six years

If a member of the US Senate dies in office, their successor

is appointed by the governor of the state, to serve until the next election cycle

The trial of a president who has been impeached is presided over by

the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

Should the president and the vice president, the next person to become president is

the Speaker of the House of Representatives

In order to take effect, the new Constitution had to be ratified by

three fourths of the states

The anti-federalists did not favor ratifying the Constitution because it did not contain

a Bill of Rights

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