Chemistry: Unit 3 Section A

30 terms by Brooksj1263

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Chemcom: Vocabulary practice for unit 3 section A

crude oil

unrefined liquid petroleum as it is pumped from the ground by oil wells

hydrocarbon

a molecule composed only of carbon and hydrogen atoms

distillation

a process that separates liquid substances based on differences in their boiling points

distillate

the condensed products of distillation

fraction

one of the distillate portions collected during distillation

fractional distillation

a process of separating a mixture into its components by boiling and condensing the components

intermolecular forces

forces of attraction among molecules

organic chemistry

the branch of chemistry dealing with hydrocarbons and their derivatives

carbon chain

carbon atoms chemically linked to one another, forming a chainlike molecular structure

shell

outer-shell electrons are commonly called valence electrons

valence electrons

electrons in the outermost shell of an atom

covalent bond

a linkage between two atoms involving the sharing of one pair, two pairs, or three pairs of electrons

single covalent bond

a bond in which two electrons are shared by the two bonded atoms

Lewis dot structure

the representation of atoms, ions, and molecules where valence electron dots surround each atom's symbol

structural formula

a chemical formula showing the arrangement of atoms and covalent bonds in a molecule, in which each electron pair in a covalent bond is represented by a line between the symbols of two atoms

alkane

a hydrocarbon containing only single covalent bonds

tetrahedron

a regular triangular pyramid

straight chain alkane

an alkane consisting of molecules in which each carbon atom in liked to no more than two other carbon atoms

branched chain alkane

an alkane in which at least one carbon atom is bonded to three or four other carbon atoms

structural isomers

substances involving rearrangement of atoms or bonds within a molecule but sharing a common molecular formula

alkane 1 carbon prefix

meth- (eg CH4 = methane)

alkane 2 carbon prefix

eth-

alkane 3 carbon prefix

prop-

alkane 4 carbon prefix

but-

alkane 5 carbon prefix

pent-

alkane 6 carbon prefix

hex-

alkane 7 carbon prefix

hept-

alkane 8 carbon prefix

oct-

alkane 9 carbon prefix

non-

alkane 10 carbon prefix

dec-

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set