Mr. Burke's Prehistory Test Definitions and Questions

23 terms by BurkeandGoniasStudyCenter 

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artifact

an object made by human beings; often refers to a primitive tool or other relic from an earlier period that was used in the past

archaeology

the study of the past based on what people left behind

glacier

large, thick body of slowly moving mass of ice

surplus

a quantity much larger than is needed

prehistory

the time during the development of human culture before the appearance of the written word

technology

tools and skills people use to meet their basic needs

migrate

to move periodically or seasonally

nomad

a member of a group that settles briefly in one place and then moves on to another, mostly of search of food

excavation site

a site where archaeologists uncover artifacts

cultivation

preparing the land to grow crops

domestication

the taming of animals or plants for human use, such as work or as food

Ice Age

Period of time when huge sheets of ice covered much of the earth's land, formed from ocean water, leaving ocean levels lower than they are now which exposed dry land that connected the continents.

harvest

the season for gathering crops

specialize

suit to a special purpose

culture

all the knowledge and values shared by a society

values

things that are important to you

customs

a common practice among members of a family or a society

legacy

an inheritance; something handed down from an ancestor or from the past

What marked the beginning of the New Stone Age?

Polished stone tools, domestication of animals,and the cultivation of land marked the beginning of the New Stone Age

The several legacies left behind from the stone age.

Stone tools, domestication of animals, cave paintings, and farming

Tell what we use to learn about the past.

Archaeologists study past cultures through remains such as buildings, tools, or pottery. These are all artifacts, or things made by people long ago.

What makes up a civilization?

The folowing things are needed for a civillization: domesticated animals, cultivation, buildings, language, laws, system of writing, religion, etiquette, government, and a form of education

Where is Clovis and why is it important?

Archaeoologists believed these people were the first Americans. They are believed to have lived 11,00 years ago. They are located in Mexico.

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