Head and neck
List the five groups of Axial muscles
True or False? Axial muscles have both their origins and insertions on parts of the axial skeleton?
the superficial fascia or on the skull
superficial fascia of the skin
Facial muscles have their origin in _______ and their insertion in the _________.
What muscle compresses and purses the lips and is known as the "kiss" muscle?
Medial to Masseter
What muscle compresses the cheek, holds food between teeth during chewing?
Depressor anguli oris
What muscle draws the corners of the mouth inferiorly and laterally. What is the "frown" muscle?
What elevates the corners of the mouth? The "smile" muscle?
common tendinous ring
anterior sclera (outer surface)
Six Extrinsic eye muscles (rectus and oblique) originate from a ________ in the posterior orbit and attach onto the ________ of the eye.
The tongue also has _______muscles with-in the tongue allowing for curling, squeezing and folding.
superior, middle and inferior constrictor
The pharynx consists of the ________ muscles that sequentially contract.
suprahyoid and infrahyoid
The anterior neck muscles are divided into the _______ (above the hyoid) and the ________ (below the hyoid).
digastric (two bellies), geiohyoid, mylohyoid, stylohyoid
What four muscles elevate the hyoid bone while swallowing?
omohyoid, sternohyoid, sternothyroid, thyrohyoid
What four muscles depress the hyoid bone during swallowing?
sternocleidomastoid or SCM
What muscle extends from the sterum and clavicle and inserts on the mastoid process?
What happens when the SCM muscle causes lateral flexion and rotation of the head to the opposite side?
turn to the same side
Unilateral movement of the posterior neck muscles causes the head and neck to ___________.
external intercostal or oblique, internal intercostal or internal obliques and transverse intercostal or abdominus
Name the 3 layers of muscles that make up the abdominal wall starting with the superficial layer.
sticking fingers into front pockets
The external intercostal muscles of the abdomen run as though you are ________.
putting hands into back pockets. Run posteriorally.
The Internal intercostal layer of muscles of the abdomen run as though you are _____.
maintain posture and to stand erect.
Bilateral contraction extends the spinal column
Unilateral contraction flexes the column laterally (sidebend)
What do the erector spinae (t-bone steak) muscles do?
The diaphragm is the muscle of _______. Contraction causes ______ of the diaphram.
What are the two triangular areas of the pelvic floor?
move and stabilize the pelvic and pectoral girdles
The axial muscles do all of the following except:
muscles of facial expression and extrinsic eye muscles
muscles of mastication and movement of tongue
muscles of the pharynx and anterior neck
specific groups within the muscles of the head and neck include:
frontal belly, occipital belly and aponeurosis
the epicranius is composed of which of the following?
the muscle that closed the eye and produces winking, blinking and squinting is the:
which muscles initiate swallowing and force the food inferiorly into the esophagus?
Unilateral contraction of the ______ results in lateral flexion and rotation of the head to the opposite side; bilateral contraction flexes the head and neck.
the word root splenion, used in the names of two posterior neck muscles, translates to mean:
the three large, complex groups of muscles that extend or laterally flex the vertebral column are collectively called the _______muscles.
serratus posterior inferior and interior intercostals
serratus posterior and external intercostals
diaphragm and the tranversus thoacis
name muscles that elevate the ribs in respiration