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Head and neck
vertebral column
respiration
abdominal wall
pelvic floor

List the five groups of Axial muscles

True

True or False? Axial muscles have both their origins and insertions on parts of the axial skeleton?

the superficial fascia or on the skull

superficial fascia of the skin

Facial muscles have their origin in _______ and their insertion in the _________.

Frontalis
Aponeurosis tendon
Occipitalis

The cranial aponeurosis consists of:

Frontalis
forehead

What muscle moves the scalp, eyebrows; wrinkles skin of forehead?

Aponeurosis tendon

What attaches the frontalis to the occipitalis?

Occipitalis
base of skull

What muscle retracts scalp?

Orbicularis oculi
Circular eye

What muscle is the "blink" muscle?

Orbicularis oris
circular mouth

What muscle compresses and purses the lips and is known as the "kiss" muscle?

Buccinator
bucco=cheek
Medial to Masseter

What muscle compresses the cheek, holds food between teeth during chewing?

Platysma
platy=flat

What muscle pulls the lower lip inferiorly? Tenses the skin of the neck?

Depressor anguli oris
depresses-angle-mouth

What muscle draws the corners of the mouth inferiorly and laterally. What is the "frown" muscle?

Zygomaticus major
zygomatic=cheekbone major=greater

What elevates the corners of the mouth? The "smile" muscle?

common tendinous ring
anterior sclera (outer surface)

Six Extrinsic eye muscles (rectus and oblique) originate from a ________ in the posterior orbit and attach onto the ________ of the eye.

medial rectus

The ______ muscle moves the eye medially.

lateral rectus

The _______muscle moves the eye laterally.

temporalis and masseter

What muscles elevates and retracts the mandible?

Medial and lateral pterygoid (wing like)

What muscles move the mandible side to side?

genioglossus

What extrinsic muscle allows a person to (protract) stick out their tongue?

styloglossus

What extrinsic muscle elevates and retracts the tongue?

hyoglossus

What extrinsic muscle depresses and retracts the tongue?

palatoglossus

What extrinsic muscle elevates the posterior part of the tongue?

intrinsic

The tongue also has _______muscles with-in the tongue allowing for curling, squeezing and folding.

throat

The pharynx is also called the _______.

superior, middle and inferior constrictor

The pharynx consists of the ________ muscles that sequentially contract.

suprahyoid and infrahyoid

The anterior neck muscles are divided into the _______ (above the hyoid) and the ________ (below the hyoid).

digastric (two bellies), geiohyoid, mylohyoid, stylohyoid

What four muscles elevate the hyoid bone while swallowing?

omohyoid, sternohyoid, sternothyroid, thyrohyoid

What four muscles depress the hyoid bone during swallowing?

sternocleidomastoid or SCM

What muscle extends from the sterum and clavicle and inserts on the mastoid process?

flexes

A bilateral contraction of the SCM muscle _______the neck.

unilateral contraction

What happens when the SCM muscle causes lateral flexion and rotation of the head to the opposite side?

extends the head

Bilateral movement of the posterior neck muscles ______.

turn to the same side

Unilateral movement of the posterior neck muscles causes the head and neck to ___________.

external intercostal or oblique, internal intercostal or internal obliques and transverse intercostal or abdominus

Name the 3 layers of muscles that make up the abdominal wall starting with the superficial layer.

sticking fingers into front pockets

The external intercostal muscles of the abdomen run as though you are ________.

putting hands into back pockets. Run posteriorally.

The Internal intercostal layer of muscles of the abdomen run as though you are _____.

toward the midline

The transverse intercostal muscles (deep) run ______.

external oblique (hands in front pocket)

The top layer of abdominal muscle is the ______.

internal oblique (hands in back pocket)

The middle abdominal layer is the ______.

tranverse abdominis (horizontal)

The deep abdominal layer is the _____.

sterum to the pubic bone

The rectus abdominis connects the ______.

maintain posture and to stand erect.

Bilateral contraction extends the spinal column

Unilateral contraction flexes the column laterally (sidebend)

What do the erector spinae (t-bone steak) muscles do?

elevates

The external intercostal muscles of respiration _______ ribs during inhalation.

depresses

The internal intercostal muscles of respiration ______ribs during forced exhalation.

depresses

The transverse thoracis muscles of respiration ____ ribs during exhalation.

quiet respiration

flattening

The diaphragm is the muscle of _______. Contraction causes ______ of the diaphram.

central tendon

The diaphragm possesses a ________ onto which all of it's fibers converge.

perineum

The diamond shaped region between the lower extremities is called the _________.

Urogenital triangle-anterior-genitalia/urethra
Anal triangle-posterior-anus

What are the two triangular areas of the pelvic floor?

move and stabilize the pelvic and pectoral girdles

The axial muscles do all of the following except:

five

the axial muscles are organized by location into how many major groups:

muscles of facial expression and extrinsic eye muscles
muscles of mastication and movement of tongue
muscles of the pharynx and anterior neck

specific groups within the muscles of the head and neck include:

on either the skull or the hyoid bone

with few exceptions, muscles of the head and neck originate

frontal belly, occipital belly and aponeurosis

the epicranius is composed of which of the following?

belly

the word root gaster most nearly means

muscles of facial expression

which of these muscles insert into the superficial fascia of the skin?

compresses and purses the lips

the orbicularis oris muscle:

platysma

which muscle pulls the lower lip inferiorly and tenses the skin of the neck?

orbicularis oculi

the muscle that closed the eye and produces winking, blinking and squinting is the:

the facial nerve

the muscles of facial expression are innervated by

lateral oblique

which of the following is not an extrinsic eye muscle?

superior rectus and inferior oblique

which extrinsic eye muscle elevates the eyes?

mouth

the word root geni most nearly means

pharyngeal constrictors

which muscles initiate swallowing and force the food inferiorly into the esophagus?

hyoid bone

the dividing point for the two groups of anterior muscles of the neck is the

geniohyoid

which muscle elevates the hyoid bone and depresses the mandible?

sternocleidomastoid

Unilateral contraction of the ______ results in lateral flexion and rotation of the head to the opposite side; bilateral contraction flexes the head and neck.

bandage

the word root splenion, used in the names of two posterior neck muscles, translates to mean:

erector spinae

the three large, complex groups of muscles that extend or laterally flex the vertebral column are collectively called the _______muscles.

serratus posterior inferior and interior intercostals
serratus posterior and external intercostals
diaphragm and the tranversus thoacis

name muscles that elevate the ribs in respiration

rectus abdominus
internal and external oblique
transversus abdominus

which of the following muscles reinforce the anterolateral wall of the abdomen?

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