The closing part of an argument, often with a summary and an appeal to pathos
Foreseeing and forestalling objections to an argument.
An emotional saying that seeks to move an audience to a similar feeling.
Introductory part of statement where author establishes credibility (ethos)
For asking questions to rebuke or reproach rather than to elicit answer. More broadly; speaker attempts to shame an opponent.
Speaker quotes a passage and comments on it
An informally stated syllogism with an implied premise.
Proof from character that depends on a rheror's reputation in the community
Rejecting an argument because of its insignificance, error, or wickedness. A type of refutation
A tribute or eulogy in prose or verse honoring people, objects, ideas, or events
What causes or prompts someone to write or speak
Stategy where speaker raises a question, then immediatly answers it
Proofs from character that are created by a speaker are available by virtue of the speaker's position on the issue.
A deviration from conventional word order
Repetition at the end of a clause or sentence of the word or phrase with which it began
Frequent repetition of a phrase or question; dwelling on a point
Repetition of a word or name with a new or more specific sense
Repetition of words derived from the same root but with different endings
The underlying idea or principal subject that is the meaning of a metaphor
In a metaphor, the figure itself
Considered extremely old fashioned and long out of common use
Repetition of a word or phrase for emphasis, usually with no words in between