World history unit 2

51 terms by steveben96

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oracle bones

priests scratched questions for gods on these

Mandate of heaven

the right to rule comes from heaven

Shang Di

supreme being, ansestor worship

confucius

person who organized 5 relationships, had a desire to restore order

fillal peity

respect for parents and ansestors

Bureaucracy

system of managing government through departments run by appointed officials

legalism

a ruler should give rewards to people who did a good job

autocracy

government has all power and can do anything

ying/yang

chinese idea that two powers represented rhythms of life. helped people understand how to fit in the world.

civil service

government jobs that civilians obtained by taking tests

centralized government

central authority controls the running of a state

monopoly

one group has exclusive control over the production of certain goods

taoism

A Chinese philosophy in which people live a simple life in harmony with nature.

Great Wall of China

a fortification 1,500 miles long built across northern China in the 3rd century BC

aryans

indo-european people, noble ones

brahmins

priests in India

castes

groups in a social higharchy

hinduism

common worldview, religion mainly in India

dharma

manor of being, how to live

moksha

liberation from suffering

atman

your own individual soul

Respect for self
Respect for others
religion

rules for living in hinduism

brahmin

universal soul

reincarnation

life after death, cycle of rebirth

karma

good deeds and bad deeds follow you through lifetimes

enlightenment

wisdom

nirvana

buddha's word for release from selfishness and pain

Dharma (buddhism)

beliefes of buddhism

Asoka

chandragupta's grandson, king of Mauryan empire, followed buddhism

untouchables

lowest level of people in india's caste system

siddhartha

founder of Buddhism, also called budda

four noble truths

name of buddha's teachings

Muhammad

prophet, symbol of muslim religion

Hijrah

migration that was a turning point for islam, mecca to medina

5 pillars

duties all muslims must follow

hajj

pilgrimage to mecca

shari'a

body of law that told muslims how to act

bedouins

tribes who lived in the arabian peninsula

house of wisdom

library, academy, and translation center. texts were translated into arabic

calligraphy

art of handwriting

aryabhata

indian scientist who created pi,calculated length of solar year, modern numbers.

mecca

the holiest city of Islam; Muhammad's birthplace

caliph

leader in a muslim government

oral tradition

pass down from one generation to another by word of mouth

griot

a West African storyteller

ghana

a republic in West Africa

mali

landlocked empire in west africa

timbuktu

a city in central Mali near the Niger river

sundiata

the founder of Mali empire

Mansa Musa

most powerful king in west africa, Mali

ibn Battuta

Moroccan Muslim scholar

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