glucose- long term
a long term energy
ATP and NADPH
short term energys
by bonding with another phosphate group
how does ADP become ADP again?
type of protein that speeds up reactions
6CO2+ 6H2O= C6H12O6+6O2
chemical equation for cellular respiration?
how many turns of the do u need before you create one molecule of glucose?
light independent reaction
what is the other name for the calvin cycle?
how do animals get glucose?
matrix of mittochondria
where does glycolysis take place?
where does the krebs/ citric acid cycle take place?
where did the Acetyl- CoA needed for the krebs/ citric cycle come from?
inner membrane of the mitochondria
where does the electron transport chain take place?
where did the NADH and FADH2 needed for the electron transport chain come from?
how many ATP does glycolysis make?
how many ATP does the kreb cycle make?
how many ATP does the electron transport chain make?
how many total ATP does celular respiration make?
your body uses ir when theres no oxygen
what is fermentation and when do you use it?
stores in muscles and makes them sore
what are the byproducts of lactic acid fermentation?
CO2 and alcohol
what are the byproducts of alcoholic fermentation
light independent and light dependent
photosynthesis happens in 2 phases
is composed of an adenosine molecules with 3 phosphate groups attached
phosphate groups are what?
bonding _____ phosophate groups takes a ton of energy
AMP a small amount of energy is required and the chemical bonds dont store much energy
what happens when only one phosphate group bonds?
2nd phosphate group is added more energy is required to force the two groups together
energy is released
what happens when a even greater amount of energy is required to force a 3rd charged phosphate group close enough to bond?
where does photosynthesis take place?
starts with 3 RuBP
first step to calvin cycle
each RuBP bonds w a CO2 from the air to form a 6 carbon chain
2nd step to calvin cycle
three 6 carbon chains are really unstable so they split in half
3rd step to calvin cycle
super charge each pgal with energy from ATP and NADH
4th step to calvin cycle
1 PGAL leaves the cycle
5th step to calvin cycle
oxalaacctic acid combines with the aceytl- CoA, CoA leaves and we have formed citric acid
1st step to citric acid cycle
citric acid pops off a CO2 and uses that energy to make a NADH
2nd step to citric acid cylce
the 5 carbon sugar pops off another CO2 and forms another NADH
3rd step to citric acid cycle
rearrange the final 4 carbons and use there energy to make ATP, NADH, FADH2
4th step to citric acid cycle
the remaining 4 carbons are now oxalaactic acid and we can start again
5th step to citric acid cycle
NADH pops off a hydrogen and that releases a H+ and that releases a E- into the electron transport chain or FADH2 pops off
1st step to electron transport chain
the electron starts hopping from protein to protein
2nd step to electron tansport chain
the electron uses its energy to suck H+ from the matrix to the inner membrane space
3rd step to ETC
at the end of the chain, the oxygen takes the electron and 2 H+ to form h2o
4th step to ETC
the large concentration of H+ go back into the matrix through the ATP synthase and use that energy to turn ADP+ P= ATP
5th step to ETC
the ETC makes 32 ATPS
6th step to ETC