rooted vines that grow up trunks of trees and hang off limbs to reach light in the upper canopy.
plants such as mosses, lichens, and orchids, that grow on other plants but do not take nutrients from them
dense covering formed by the leafy tops of tall rain forest trees
tropical rain forest
biome near the equator with consistant warm temperatures, wet weather, and lush plant growth
temperate deciduous forest
Trees loose leaves in fall, more rainfall than grasslands, rainfall occurs throughout the year, also called hardwood forests,
biome just south of the tundra; characterized by a northern coniferous forest composed of pine, fir, hemlock, and spruce tree and acidic, mineral-poor topsoils
temperate rain forest
a forest community characterized by cool, humid weather and abundant rainfall, where tree branches are draped with mosses, tree trunks are covered with lichens, and the forest floor is covered with ferns.
series of ecosystem found on moutains which vary with elevation; precipations increases and tempurature becomes colder as elevation increases
the line on a mountain above which there is perpetual snow and ice
flora and fauna of taiga
moose, white spruce, great horned owl, wolf, snowshoe hare