an "upper city"; a common feature of ancient Greek cities; an elevated site for religious observances.
A railing held up by small posts, as on a staircase.
Experimental Greek items produced for a short time in the late sixth century B.C.; one side featured decoration in red-figure technique, the other black-figure technique.
black figure painting
In early Greek pottery, the silhouetting of dark figures against a light background of natural, reddish clay, with linear details incised through the silhouettes.
the upper part of a column that supports the entablature
a female figure that functions as a supporting column
the chief room of a Greek temple, where the statue of the god was located and, frequently, the temple's treasure was kept.
(classical mythology) a mythical being that is half man and half horse
In ancient Greek mythology, the battle between the Greeks and the centaurs
fashioned of gold and ivory
a method of metalcasting in which a figure is modeled in wax then enclosed in a clay mold that is fired
(architeture) a tall cylindrical vertical upright and used to support a structure
put all weight on one leg, causes hips to shift and shoulders to counter balance, which sets up potential for natural pose
courses of stone or brick in which each course projects beyond the one beneath it.
Masonry constructed over a wall opening be a series of courses projecting from each side and stepped progressively further forward until they meet at midpoint; not a true arch.
A vault formed by the piling of stone blocks in horizontal courses, cantilevered inward until the two walls meet in an arch.
An ornate Classical style of architecture, characterized in part by columns combining a fluted shaft with a capital made of carved acanthus leaves and scrolls (volutes).
An ornamental molding running round the walls of a room close to the ceiling.
a layer of masonry (stones)
a primitive style of masonry characterized by use of massive stones of irregular shape and size
collumn that has a simple capital; based on ratio of of human male's foot length to his heigh; male column
one of the stacked cylindrical stones that form the shaft of a column
the passage leading to a tholos tomb (beehive tomb)
Lower part of a (Doric column's) capital. In architecture, the convex element of a capital directly below the abacus.
A painting technique in which pigment is mixed with wax and applied to the surface while hot.
(architecture) the structure consisting of the part of a classical temple above the columns between a capital and the roof
the convex profile (an apparent swelling) in the shaft of a column.
a series of shallow concave grooves, vertical on the shaft of a column.
The use of perspective to represent in art the apparent visual contraction of an object that extends back in space at an angle to the perpendicular plane of sight.
pattern of interlocking geometric shapes and lines
band of artwork above ionic columns
a durable method of painting on a wall by using watercolors on wet plaster
battle of gods and giants
coating for fabrics, ceramics, metal, etc.
the blending of Greek cultures with those of Persia, Egypt, and Central Asia following the conquests of Alexander the Great
a jug used for gathering water. Two handles were used for carrying and the third for pouring
the images and symbolic representations that are traditionally associated with a person or a subject
a taller, thinner column with scroll shapes on its capital
ancient Greek statue of a draped maiden
archaic greek sculpture of standing male
an ancient Greek wide-mouthed bowl for mixing wine and water
a shallow drinking cup with two handles
A small, thin, flask-like vase used for carrying oitments (perfume oil) and funerary offerings
the large reception hall in a Mycenaean palace
panel between the triglyphs in a Doric frieze, often sculpted in relief
art consisting of a design made of small pieces of colored stone or glass
in a classical temple, this room is where the cult statue usually stood
A groove at the bottom of the ancient Greek Doric capital between the echinus and the flutes that masks the junction of capital and shaft.
The early phase of Archaic Greek art, so named because of the adoption of forms and motifs from the ancient Near East and Egypt.
a triangular gable between a horizontal entablature and a sloping roof
the traditional garment of Greek women; a sleeveless typically ankle-length tunic formed from a single squarish piece of wool/ generally worn pinned at the shoulders and belted.
single row of columns on all sides
a colonnade surrounding a building or enclosing a court
The space, or porch, in front of the cella, or naos, of an ancient Greek temple
red figure painting
the reddish clay was painted with black slip (watery clay substance). The design was freely painted with a brush which made it possible to show overlapping and foreshortening
formed in relief by beating a metal plate from the back, leaving the impression on the face
(architecture) upright consisting of the vertical part of a column
a sea nymph (part woman and part bird) supposed to lure sailors to destruction on the rocks where the nymphs lived
in classical architecture the stone foundations on which a temple colonnade stands, part of a temple that looks like stairs or steps
one of the small pieces used in mosaics
Hard-baked clay, used for sculpture and as a building material. It may be glazed or painted.
a type of tomb in Mycenaean architecture with a bee-hive shaped circular plan, also called a bee-hive tomb; a temple with a circular plan
finely ground pigmets are suspended in water and are applied to a wet plaster surface
Clothing which clings to the body, revealing the body's forms beneath it
a depository (a room or building) where wealth and precious objects can be kept safely
ornament from Ionic capital resembling a rolled scroll
vase painting style; white background, black and red detail