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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. cilla
  2. lysosomes
  3. Prokaryotes
  4. Eukaryotes
  5. endosymbiotic theory
  1. a -Appeared about 1.5 billion years ago
    -Include all cells alive today except bacteria and archaea
    -Are larger than proaryotic cells
    -Have a more complex archetecture
    -Possess a nucleus and a variety of organelles
  2. b short and numerous
  3. c -arise from the golgi complex
    -contain enzymes that break down macromolecules
    -function in intracellular digestion of worn out cellular components and substances taken into cells
    -resulting material is recycled
  4. d -proposes that mitochondria and chloroplasts arose by symbiosis from ancient bacteria
    -this theory is supported by a wealth of evidence
  5. e -Include bacteria and archaea
    -Over 5,000 species are recognized
    -3 main shapes: rod, spiral, and spherical
    -Lack nucleus and organelles

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. -flattened stack of membranes that are scattered throughout the cytoplasm
    -depending on cell, number of golgi bodies range from a few to several hundred--referred to as the golgi complex
    -golgi complex collects, packages, modifies, and distributes molecules
  2. -Command center of the cell; directs all activities
    -Stores hereditary information
  3. (1665)
    -Examined a thin slice of cork tissue
    -Observed honeycombed compartments he called cellulae
    -Term became cells
  4. -in plants-store dissolved substances and can increase the cells surface area
    -in protists-contractile vacuoles are used to pump excess water
  5. -a dense network of protein fibers that supports the shape of the cell and anchors organelles
    -3 different kinds of protein fibers: microfilaments, microtubules, and intermediate filaments

5 True/False Questions

  1. The Prokaryotic Membrane-There are two major kinds of cells: prokaryotes and eukaryotes


  2. Cell Theory-All organisms are composed of one or more cells
    -Cells are the smallest living things
    -Cells arise only by division of a preiviously existing cell


  3. mitochondria-found in almost all eukaryotes
    -powerhouses of cell
    -extract energy from organic molecules through oxidative metabolism
    -sausage shaped organelles, about the size of a bacterial cell
    -like bacteria, they possess circular DNA and divide by simple fission


  4. The Endomembrane System-Encases all living things
    -Its basic structure is represented by the fluid-mosaic model
    -Phospholipid bilayer with embedded proteins
    -In water, phospholipids spontaneously form a bilayer
    - Cell membranes contain zones called lipid rafts which are heavily enriched in cholesterol


  5. Matthias Schledeiden, Theodor Schwann, VirchowSchledeinden (botanist)
    Schwann (zoologist)
    Virchow (put theory together)
    -Proposed the first 2 statements of the cell theory in 1838-39


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