Chapter 2

22 terms by jessicademers 

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The somatic nervous system is a component of the ________ nervous system.

peripheral

Neural networks refer to

functionally interconnected clusters of neurons in the central nervous system.

Wernicke's area is typically located in the left ________ lobe.

temporal

Babies favor the _______ side of their mouth when beginning a smile and the ______ side when babbling.

left; right

The best way to detect enlarged fluid-filled brain regions in some patients who have schizophrenia is to use a(n):

MRI.

Neural regulation of a child's language functioning is transferred to the right hemisphere if speech areas in the left hemisphere are damaged. This best illustrates:

plasticity.

Messages are transmitted from your spinal cord to your heart muscles by the:

autonomic nervous system.

A biological psychologist would be most interested in the relationship between:

body chemistry and violent behavior.

Heartbeat acceleration is to heartbeat deceleration as the ________ nervous system is to the ________ nervous system.

parasympathetic; sympathetic

To demonstrate that brain stimulation can make a rat violently aggressive, a neuroscientist should electrically stimulate the rat's:

amygdala.

Research on left-handedness suggests that:

genes or prenatal factors play a role in handedness.

Botulin poisoning from improperly canned food causes paralysis by blocking the release of:

acetylcholine.

Auditory stimulation is first processed in the ________ lobes.

temporal

Sensory neurons are an important part of the:

peripheral nervous system.

Messages are transmitted from your spinal cord to muscles in your hands by the ________ nervous system.

peripheral

Transferring messages from a motor neuron to a leg muscle requires the neurotransmitter known as:

acetylcholine.

Neural impulses may travel as rapidly as:

200 miles per hour.

Opiate drugs occupy the same receptor sites as

dopamine.

The brain structure that provides a major link between the nervous system and the hormone system is the:

hypothalamus.

Jason's painful withdrawal symptoms following heroin use were probably due in part to a reduction in his body's normal production of:

epinephrine.

Which region of the brainstem takes you to a state of arousal when someone nearby mentions your name?

reticular formation

To identify which specific brain areas are most active during a particular mental task, researchers would be most likely to make use of a(n):

PET scan.

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