Theology Terms (Buddhism/Taoism/Confucianism)

35 terms by pendragon4526

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Bodhisattva

individuals who, despite being one step away from Nirvana, vow not to enter it until they ensure that others can reach Nirvana as well

Shakyamuni

another name for the Buddha, meaning "the sage of the _ tribe"

Buddha

the enlightened one

Dukkha

suffering, anxiety, constant lack of satisfaction

Nirvana

the cooling of the mind, a state beyond pleasure and pain; only achieved after extinguishing all desires

Ahimsa

the Buddhist principle of non-violence

Maitri

the Buddhist principle of compassion, charity (not karuna)

Samadhi

right concentration (a step in the Eightfold Noble Path)

Dharmacakra

Wheel of Life, a symbol representing the eightfold path to Nirvana

anatman

the state of realizing the not-self

Theravada

the branch of Buddhism that venerates Buddha only as a great sage; their ideal is a monk

sangha

Theravadic monastic community

Hinayana

Mocking nickname for the Theravada Buddhists; means "the lesser way"

Mahayana

the branch of Buddhism that's name means "the greater way"

Pure Land

a form of Mahayana Buddhism which offers supplications and petitions to the saving Buddhas

karuna

the virtue of compassion emphasized by the Mahayana Buddhists; it extends to all sentient beings

Buddha nature

the true reality of every sentient being according to Buddhists

Lotus flower

the Buddha holds this up and simply by looking at it, the founder of Tao becomes enlightened

Saving Buddhas

enlightened Buddhas that are like savior figures; they possess infinite compassion for mankind

Zen

a form of Mahayana Buddhism which arrives from its meeting with Taoism; big emphasis on silence and meditation

Zazen

the lotus position of meditation

Kensho

insight into ones nature

Renzai

a school of Zen Buddhism which emphasizes the koan

Koan

stories, statements, or questions designed to break down the natural logic about reality; disciples meditate on these until they attain the proper kensho into its meaning

Ontological non-duality

the main principle of Zen Buddhism that Christians have a problem with

Tao-te-Ching

"The Classic/Standard of the Way and Virtue," written by Confucius

Tao

the one ultimate, eternal, rational principle; all creation is derived from it

Wu Wei

"without acting," the ability of a ruler to rule without force or coercion

Yin and Yang

two harmonious principles which are harmonious rather than contradictory and explain the duality of the world

Te

virtue (Taoism)

T'ien

Heaven (Confucianism)

Analects

the collection of sayings and ideas attributed to the Chinese philosopher Confucius and his contemporaries, traditionally believed to have been written by Confucius' followers

Jen

the supreme good in Confucianism (goodness, or humanity in its perfected state)

Chun-tzu

the Confucian gentleman

Satori

enlightenment in Buddhism

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