SL Vocab Ch. 1-5

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42 terms · The Scarlet Letter Vocabulary Nathaniel Hawthorne Chapters 1-5 AP English III

edifice

a structure that has a roof and walls and stands more or less permanently in one place

ponderous

having great mass and weight and unwieldiness

congenial

used of plants

inauspicious

not auspicious

portal

a grand and imposing entrance (often extended metaphorically)

physiognomy

the human face ('kisser' and 'smiler' and 'mug' are informal terms for 'face' and 'phiz' is British)

betoken

indicate by signs

heterodox

characterized by departure from accepted beliefs or standards

farthingale

a hoop worn beneath a skirt to extend it horizontally

sumptuary

regulating or controlling expenditure or personal behavior

ignominy

a state of dishonor

iniquity

an unjust act

beadle

a minor parish official who serves as an usher and preserves order at services

contumely

a rude expression intended to offend or hurt

phantasmagoric

characterized by fantastic imagery and incongruous juxtapositions

pillory

a wooden instrument of punishment on a post with holes for the neck and hands

cloister

a courtyard with covered walks (as in religious institutions)

magistracy

the position of magistrate

hearken

listen

halberd

a pike fitted with an ax head

sagacity

the trait of forming opinions by distinguishing and evaluating

mien

dignified manner or conduct

trundle bed

a low bed to be slid under a higher bed

alchemy

a pseudoscientific forerunner of chemistry in medieval times

peremptory

putting an end to all debate or action

sojourn

a temporary stay (e.g., as a guest)

leech

carnivorous or bloodsucking aquatic or terrestrial worms typically having a sucker at each end

Lethe

(Greek mythology) a river in Hades

nepenthe

anything that makes someone forget sorrow, pain

infamy

evil fame or public reputation

retribution

the act of correcting for your wrongdoing

paramour

a woman who cohabits with an important man

lurid

shining with an unnatural red glow as of fire seen through smoke

insulated

to place in a detached situation; isolate

vivify

give new life or energy to

frailty

moral weakness

thither

to or toward that place

imbibe

receive into the mind and retain

purport

general meaning or tenor

ignominious

(used of conduct or character) deserving or bringing disgrace or shame

refrain

not do something

contumacious

wilfully obstinate

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