The process of affecting the sound tracks after filming to make the clip sound better and more clear, or for some creative effect.
The first footage taken during filming (like a first draft). It is this footage that will be edited and turned into a finished product. The base gives the editor and director an idea of how much material they have to work with.
The location where editing takes place (also referred to as an editing bay or editing room).
The directories or folders that hold each clip of footage.
Footage inserted in an interview that illustrates what the speaker is talking about or is in some way related to the topic. The b-roll also often serves the useful purpose of covering an edit point in the interview or main scene. When the b-roll is covering the actual interview, then the audio becomes a voice-over to the b-roll footage.
Raw, unedited footage shot during each production day.
Sometimes called conversion or converting, the process of changing a file's type from one format to another. This should be done when your original file type is wrong for your intended purpose, for example, converting raw footage to QuickTime or Real format for web streaming.
Ken Burns effect
A technique named for director Ken Burns, where the camera rests on a still shot, zooms in on a subject, and then pans across the rest of the photo. It allows viewers to examine a still shot closely and is very useful when a still is being added to video footage.
The site where action is filmed.
The first effort made to sell an idea. A pitch will include a summary of the project, how it can be shot, what a director hopes to achieve with the project, and what will happen to it after it is done.
The process of editing, audio sweetening, color correcting, and otherwise assembling a film for release.
The planning stage of any film project. This includes research, scriptwriting, budgeting, hiring cast and crew, scouting locations, and preparing to film.
The period on a film project when taping/filming and asset acquisition is taking place.
Writing out (transcribing) all the words spoken during a filmed or taped interview. A transcript not only helps editors to decide what sound bits are best to use in the project but also speeds editing by helping them keep track of when something was done or said.
An overview of a video production that is more detailed than a basic outline but not as detailed as a full screenplay. A treatment should be written using full sentences and should tell what the story to be filmed is, and it may include some basic camera instructions.
The end of a video shoot, either for the day or for the entire project.
A spoken or written opinion of what is good or bad about a project. Ideally, a critique will offer suggestions to improve future work.
A light-focusing device used with a camera body to capture images.
The ability to evaluate something without being emotionally involved in its outcome. A good critic can look at work objectively, judging on the merits of what she sees and experiences, not based on personal feelings about the work's creator(s).
A three-legged stand that holds a camera to keep it steady during filming.
The window a director or cinematographer looks through to help compose a shot. The viewfinder shows exactly what a viewer will see if the camera is pointed or angled in a certain way.
A category. Some of the most common film genres are documentary, comedy, drama, and horror.
All of the things that make up a video production, such as sound, animation, photographs, filmed footage, and music.
A detailed description of what will happen in a production, including some narration. After a person reads a scripted outline, he or she should have a very good idea of how the production will be organized and the order of shots.
A short, catchy comment taken from an interview that memorably and efficiently expresses an opinion or event. A sound bite is usually the most important part of a speech or statement, pulled out during the editing process for use in the final production.
A list containing a specific set of requirements, such as the type and number of cameras, lighting, locations, props, and talent.
A system of notes that can be cut apart and rearranged to help a director decide how to order a project. Topics on strips might include visual ideas, voice-over or sound bite information, and other notes the director will need to manage the project.
The process of drawing the scenes of a production. Often resembling a comic strip, a storyboard highlights the most important scenes in a production and shows scene divisions and camera movements.
A graphical way of showing two or more things or ideas and how they are related and different. Each item has a circle, with some parts of each circle overlapping. Overlap areas show things in common, while separate areas show things that are different.