Unit 4 ch13

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Which of the following is a principle of bureaucratic organization?

hierarchical authority, job specialization, and formalized rules

Whenever Congress has a perceived need for ongoing control of an economic activity, it has tended to create a

regulatory agency.

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) are

respectively, an agency within a cabinet department, an independent agency, and a regulatory agency.

Regulatory agencies have

executive, legislative, and judicial functions.

Federal civil service employees cannot legally

go on strike

What were the "reinventing teams"?

teams that were formed under the National Performance Review to analyze and make recommendations about bureaucratic effectiveness

When it was developed during the Jackson administration, the patronage system was designed to

tie the administration more closely to the people it served

The administrative concept of neutral competence holds that the bureaucracy should

be staffed by people chosen on the basis of ability and do its work fairly on behalf of all citizens.

The federal bureaucracy today is

a mix of the patronage and merit systems.

About three in every five managerial and professional positions in the federal bureaucracy are held by

white males

The special interests that benefit directly from a bureaucratic agency's programs are called

clientele groups.

In terms of holding the bureaucracy accountable, the most important unit within the Executive Office of the President is the

Office of Management and Budget.

The Senior Executive Service (SES)

is composed of civil employees that can be assigned by the president to any position within the bureaucracy.

How has the Government Accountability Office's role changed?

it has moved from a limited role of keeping track of agency spending to also monitoring whether the agency is implementing policies in the way Congress intended.

The cabinet department with the largest number of full-time civilian employees is the Department of

Defense.

The courts have tended to support administrators as long as their agencies

can apply a reasonable interpretation of a statute.

The Department of ________ was founded in 1889.

Agriculture

Which of the following was the most recent broad initiative aimed at making the bureaucracy more responsive?

the National Performance Review

The importance of clientele groups was especially clear in 1995 when House Speaker Newt Gingrich threatened to "zero out" funding for the

Corporation for Public Broadcasting.

What happens to the president's budget if it is approved by a vote of the House and Senate?

It is sent to the president to sign or veto.

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