Chapter 8-The Digestive System

Created by heather_waltmon 

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Words of the Digestive System

an/o

anus/ring

chol/e

bile,gall

cholecyst/o

gall bladder

col/o,colon/o

colon,large intestine

-emesis

vomitting

enetr/o

small intestine

esphg/o

esophogus

gastr/o

stomach,belly

hepat/o

liver

-lithiasis

presence of stones

-pepsia

Digest,digestion

-phagia

eating,swolling

proct/o

anus rectum

rect/o

rectum,straight

sigmoid/o

sigmoid colon

BIL,Bil,bil

bilrubin

CCE,chole.

cholecystectomy

CIR, CIRR

cirrhosis

COL

colonscopy

CRC

colorectal carcinoma

EGD

esophagogastroduodenoscopy

EV

esophageal varices

GE

gastroenteritis

ICS

illeocecal sphincter

IH

inguinal hernia

IO

intestinal obsruction

j,jaund

jaundance

MO

morbid obesity

PU

peptic ulcers

TMD

temporomandibular disorders

TPN

Total parenteral nutrition

UC

ulcerative colitis

anastomosis

A/An ___ is a surgical connection between two hollow or tubular structures.

peridontium

The bone and soft tissues that surround and support the teeth are known as the ___.

intussusception

The condition characterized by the telescoping of one part of the intestine into another is ___.

anorexia nervosa

The eating disorder characterized by voluntary starvation and excessive exercising because of an intense fear of gaining weight is known as ___ ___.

amebic dysentery

The infectious intestinal disease known as ___ ___ is caused by the one-celled parasite Entamoeba histolytica.

glucose

The liver removes excess ___ from the bloodstream.

bile

The liver secretes ___, which is stored in the gallbladder for later use.

dysphagia

The medical term meaning difficulty in swallowing is ___.

bilirubin

The pigment produced by the destruction of hemoglobin in the liver is called ___.

anabolism

The process of the building up of body cells and substances from nutrients is known as ___.

cirrhosis

The progressive degeneration of the liver in which scar tissue replaces normal tissue is called ___.

tongue

The receptors of taste are located on the dorsum of the ___.

proctoplasty

The surgical repair of the rectum is known as ___.

stomatomycosis

The term ___ means any disease of the mouth due to a fungus.

Anoscopy

The visual examination of the anal canal and lower rectum is known as ___.

ileum

The ___ is the last and longest portion of the small intestine.

hemoccult

The ___ test detects hidden blood in the stools.

ascending colon

The ___ ___ travels upward from the cecum to the under surface of the liver.

abdominal computed tomography (CT)

a radiographic procedure that produces a detailed cross-section of the tissue structure within the abdomen

abdominal ultrasound

a noninvasive test used to visualize internal organs by using very high frequency sound waves

absorption

a noninvasive test used to visualize internal organs by using very high frequency sound waves

acid reducers

decrease the amount of acid produced by the stomach. are used to treat the symptoms of conditions such as gastroesophageal reflux disease

acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG)

(Uncommon) accompanied by fever, malaise, and enlarged lymph nodes; ulcers develop in interdental papillae; necrotizing process spreads along gum margins, where grayish pseudomembrane develops; red, painful gums bleed easily; foul breath

aerophagia

Swallowing of air

anal fissure

Painful opval ulceration of the anal canal. Most common in midline, posteriroly, less commonly in middle, anteriorly. Long axis is longitudinal. May be swollen sentinal skin tag assoc. with it. Sphincter spastic, examination painful.

anorexia

An eating disorder characterized by an obstinate and willful refusal to eat, a distorted body image, and an intense fear of being fat

antacids

neutralize the acids in the stomach

antiemetic

a medication that is administered to prevent or relieve nausea and vomiting

anus

A muscular opening at the end of the rectum through which waste material is eliminated from the body

aphthous ulcers

grey-white pits with a red border in the soft tissues lining the mouth; also known as canker sores or mouth ulcers

ascites

an abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity

bariatric surgery

performed to treat morbid obesity to restricting the amount of food that can enter the stomach and be digested

bariatrics

the branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of obesity and associated diseases

biliary tree

provides the channels through which bile is transported from the liver to the small intestine

body mass index (BMI)

A measure of body fat based on height and weight that applies to both adult men and women.

bolus

A term used to describe food after it has been chewed and mixed with saliva

borborygmus

Growling sound heard in the abdomen

botulisim

A type of food poisoning caused by the production of the bacteria Clostridium botulinum in improperly canned foods. It is characterized by vomiting, abdominal pain, difficulty seeing, dryness of the mouth and pharynx, dyspepsia, cough; it often results in death.

bowel incontinence

the inability to control the excretion of feces

bruxism

the involuntary grinding or clenching of the teeth that usually occurs during sleep and is associated with tension or stress

bulimia nervosa

an eating disorder characterized by frequent episodes of binge eating followed by inappropriate compensatory behaviors such as self-induced vomiting

cachexia

a condition of physical wasting away due to the loss of weight and muscle mass that occurs in patients with diseases such as advanced cancer or AIDS

capsule endoscopy

examination of the small intestine made by a tiny video camera placed in a capsule and then swallowed; images are transmitted to a waist-belt recorder and then downloaded onto a computer for assessment of possible abnormalities; traditional endoscopy cannot completely access the small intestine because of its length and complexity

Ascending

upward

transerve

across

descending

downward

sigmoid

curved s-shaped

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