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Pivot Point 2. Salon Ecology Chapter Test Questions Cosmetology Fundamentals Exam Prep

Bacteriology is the scientific study of:
a. toxins
b. disease
c. bacteria
d. personal hygiene

c. bacteria

Another term that means the same as germ or bacteria is:
a. lice
b. mite
c. parasite
d. microbe

d. microbe

Bacterial cells that are harmless and can even be beneficial to humans are called:
a. viruses
b. microbes
c. pathogenic bacteria
d. nonpathogenic bacteria

d. nonpathogenic bacteria

Nonpathogenic bacteria that live on dead matter are known as:
a. cocci
b. parasites
c,. saprophytes
d. staphylococci

c. saprophytes

Bacterial cells that may be harmful to the body are called:
a. pathogenic
b. saprophytes
c. communicable
d. nonapthogenic

a. pathogenic

Pathogenic bacteria are responsible for all of the following EXCEPT:
a. causing disease
b. producing toxins
c. causing infection
d. benefitting the environmentt

d. benfitting the environment

A communicable disease refers to a disease that is:
a. passive
b. dormant
c. spread from one person to another
d. not spread from one person to another

c. spread from one person to another

The common cold, hepatitis, measles are examples of:
a. harmless diseases
b. beneficial diseases
c. communicable diseases
d. nonpathogenic diseases

c. communicable diseases

Spherical-shaped bacterial cellsa re known as:
a. cocci
b. bacilli
c. spirilla
d. staphylococci

a. cocci

Pus-forming bacterial cells that form in long chains and cause blood posining are called:
a. bacilli
b. diplococci
c. streptococci
d. staphylococci

c. streptococci

Rod-shaped bacterial cells are known as:
a. cocci
b. bacilli
c. spirilla
d. staphylococci

b. bacilli

What bacteria, when viewed throw a microscope, would appear to be coiled,corkshrew-shaped bacterial cells?
a. spirilla
b. flagella
c. saprophytes
d. staphylococci

a. spirilla

Ellen's client has developed Lyme disease. Which type of bacteria is the cause of this disease:?
a. cocci
b. bacilli
c. spirilla
d. streptococci

c. spirilla

Which of the following is NOT a source through which bacteria or viruses etner the body?
a. nose
b. mouth
c. healthy skin
d. broken skin

c. healthy skin

As bacteria absorb food, each cell grows in size and divides, resulting in how any new cells?
a. two
b. four
c. six
d. eight

a. two

What is the relationship with bacteria and disinfectants when bacteria are in the spore-forming stage?
a. bacteria grow and thrive
b. bacteria die immediately
c. bacteria are harmed by disinfectants
d. bacteria are not harmed by disinfectants

d. bacteria are not harmed by disinfectants

Which of teh following conditions does NOT occur during the inactive stage of bacterial growth?
a. spores are formed
b. dormant stage begins
c. harmed by heat
d. die if conditions are unfavorable

c. harmed by heat

Hair-like projections used by some bacteria to propel themselves are called cilia or:
a. feet
b. bacilli
c. flagella
d. pediculosis

c. flagella

The common cold is caused by a(n):
a. fungi
b. filterable virus
c. external parasite
d. non-filterable virus

b. filterable virus

Which of the following conditions is NOT a disease caused by a virus?
a. mumps
b. tuburculosis
c. common cold
d. respiratory infection

b. tuburculosis

What is a highly contagious disease that infects the liver?
a. polio
b. yellow fever
c. Human Hepatitis B (HBV)
d. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

c. Human Hepatitis B (HBV)

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) causes the immune system to:
a. spped up
b. break down
c. work intermittently
d. continue working properly

b. break down

Human immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) can be transferred by all of the following EXCEPT:
a. blood
b. semen
c. body fluids
d. holding hands

d. holding hands

Plants or animals that live on or obtain nutrients from another organism are known as:
a. viruses
b. bacteria
c. internal parasites
d. external parasites

d. external parasites

All of the following are examples of fungi EXCEPT:
a. molds
b. yeasts
c. flagella
d. parsitic plant

c. flagella

Nail fungus is a type of:
a. virus
b. scabies
c. pathogenic bacteria
d. nonpathogenic bacteria

c. pathogenic bacteria

Syphilis is an example of a general infection, which means it affects:
a. the brain
b. the whole body
c. the nervous system
d. a small, confined area

b. the whole body

Which of the following would be considered a universal precaution?
a. salon cleanliness
b. arriving at work on time
c. unsanitary salon conditions
d. common use of drinking cup

a. salon cleanliness

The ability to destroy infectious agents that enter the body is:
a. immunity
b. superiority
c. sterilization
d. contamination, immunity and innoculation

a. immunity

Infection control is divided into the following categories:
a. bacteriology, ecology and first aid
b. prevention, inoculation and billing
c. sanitation, disinfection and sterilization
d. contamination, immunity and inoculation

c. sanitation, disinfection and sterilization

A product that can be applied to the skin to reduce microbes is called a(n):
a. sterilizer
b. sanitizer
c. antiseptic
d. disinfectant

c. antiseptic

Washing your hands is an example of:
a. immunity
b. sanitation
c. disinfection
d. decontamination

b. sanitation

Which of the following steps should a slon professional perform immediately prior to a service?
a. apply hand lotion
b. rinse hands in cold water
c. dry hands with a communal cloth towel
d. wash hands with warm water and liquid soap

d. wash hands with warm water and liquid soap

How often should twoels/linens be laundered?
a. once a day
b. once a week
c. once a month
d. after each use

d. after each use

A disinfectant is acceptable for use on:
a. human hair
b. human skin
c. human nails
d. salon equipment

d. salon equipment

Chemical products used to destroy or kill bacteria and some viruses (except bacterial spores) are called:
a. bar soaps
b. antiseptics
c. disinfectants
d. sanitation products

c. disinfectants

Viricidals are disinfectants used to kill:
a. viruses
b. tuberculosis
c. pseudomonas
d. harmful bacteria

a. viruses

The regulating agency under the Department of Labor that enforces safety and health standards in the workplace is:
a. DNR
b. MSDS
c. USDA
d. OSHA

d. OSHA

Key information on a specific product regarding ingredients, associated hazards, combustion levels and storage requirements is provided by:
a. MSDS
b. OSHA
c. the cap
d. the efficacy label

a. MSDS

Which of the following is given to a product, along with the approval of the efficacy claims on the label, to ensure the product is safe and effective?
a. bar code
b. retail number
c. toll-free number
d. EPA registration number

d. EPA registration number

The 2001 OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) Bloodborne Pathogens Standard requires the use of:
a. liquid soap
b. sanitation practices
c. non-corrosive cleaners
d. an EPA-registered disinfectant with an efficacy against HIV and HBV or tuberculocidal

d. an EPA-registered disinfectant with an efficacy against HIV and HBV or tubeculocidal

Clean all instruments thoroughly before:
a. lending
b. disposing
c. tightening
d. immersing

d. immersing

What step should be taken next after removing all hair from a brush during a disinfection procedure?
a. dry brush thoroughly
b. wash brush with soap and water
c. store brush in a dry, covered container
d. immerse brush in a disinfecting solution

b. wash brush with soap and water

All of teh following terms describe the type of container disinfected implements are stored in EXCEPT:
a. open
b. clean
c. covered
d. disinfected

a. open

Any implements that come in contact with the client during a service need to be:
a. ventilated
b. reused or discarded
c. reused or disinfected
d. discarded or disinfected

d. discarded or disinfected

How often should combs and brushes used in the salon be disinfected?
a. after each use
b. twice each day
c. at the end of each day
d. at the beginning of each day

a. after each use

How often should the solution in disinfectant containers be changed?
a. yearly
b. monthly
c. every two weeks
d. as recommended by manufacturer

d. as recommended by manufacturer

Always store disinfectants in containers that are:
a. clear
b. unclear
c. labeled
d. plastic

c. labeled

When handling material such as disinfectants, it is important to do all of the following EXCEPT:
a. wear gloves
b. avoid inhaling fumes
c. avoid contact with skin or eyes
d. work in a room where there are no windows

d. work in a room where there are no windows

All of teh following are precautions to take when using chemical disinfectants EXCEPT:
a. store implements in a cool, dry area
b. tightly cover and label all containers
c. purchase chemicals in small quantities
d. use hands to remove objects from holding basket

d. use hands to remove objects from holding basket

The process referred to as "double-bagging" is performed when a(n):
a. blood spill occurs
b. antiseptic is used
c. calibration occurs
d. MSDS is consulted

a. blood spill occurs

Dispose of any material coming in contact with blood or body fluids in a:
a. sterilizer
b. cool, dry area
c. covered container
d. sealable plastic bag inside a waste can liner for disposal

d. sealable plastic bag inside a waste can liner for disposal

If a surface is free from dirt, oil and/or microbes, it has been:
a. disposed
b. dispensed
c. contaminated
d. decontaminated

d. decontaminated

Which of the following conditions describes effective storage for a disinfectant?
a. cool, dry space
b. damp, muggy space
c. bright, very hot space
d. hot, very damp and airy space

a. cool, dry space

Which of teh following services normally requires the use of sterilization procedures?
a. perming
b. sculpting
c. electrolysis
d. shampooing

c. electrolysis

Tools and instruments used to puncture or invade the skin must be sterilized or designed to be:
a. dull
b. dirty
c. porous
d. disposable

d. disposable

Sterilization standards require the use of of a liquid sterilant and/or moist or:
a. dry heat
b. liquid soap
c. sanitized tools
d. wet disinfectant container

a. dry heat

Sanitation is the lowest level of:
a. disinfection
b. contamination
c. infection control
d. decontamination

c. infection control

When performing first aid for bleeding wounds, what is the next step after bleeding stops?
a. applyb pressure
b. apply bandage
c. apply tourniquet
d. elevate injured limb

b. apply bandage

Which of the following steps should be taken FIRST when it is believed a person may be choking?
a. make a thumbless fist
b. perform abdominal thrusts
c. apply a cold compress to face
d. determine if the victim can speak

d. determine if the victim can speak

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