Figurative Language, Poetic Language & Literary Techniques

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Identify and Analyze Examples of Figurative Language, Poetic Language & Literary Techniques.

Symbolism

The use of a word for something concrete that stands for something abstract.
"The statue of Liberty represents freedom."

Simile

A comparison of two unlike things using the words "like" or "as".
"She floated in the room like a cloud."

Personification

A figure of speech which gives human qualities to nonhuman things.
"Her stomach growled."

Irony

A literary technique that uses a way of speaking or writing in which the ordinary meaning of words is the opposite of the thought in the speaker's mind.
"Her ideas are a clear as mud."

Imagery

Figurative language that uses words to paint a picture in the reader's mind. It helps the reader imagine how something tastes, smells, feels, looks and sounds.
"The bowl held yellow bananas with black-flecked skin and pale green pears."

Onomatopoeia

Poetic language that is the use of words whose sounds suggest their meanings.

"The bees buzzed."

Allusion

A literary technique that is a reference to a well-known person, place, or thing in literature and history.

"She is as pretty as the Mona Lisa."

Metaphor

A figure of speech that compares two unlike things directly without using "like" or "as".

"The book was a passport to adventure."

Alliteration

Poetic language that uses repeated consonant sounds at the beginning of words.

"Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers."

Assonance

Poetic language that uses repeated vowel sounds at the beginning, middle or end of words.

"On this green bank by the soft stream."

Hyperbole

Figurative language that uses extravagant (great) exaggerations to make a strong effect.

"My backpack weighs a ton."

Idiom

Figurative language that uses sayings that do not make literal, logical or grammatical sense. The meaning of the words is different from the ordinary meanings.

"She has a bee in her bonnet."

Consonance

Poetic language that uses repeated consonant sounds anywhere within a word.

"Through the windows-through the doors-burst like a ruthless force...

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