the general mood, feeling of spirit of a story, generated by the setting and affected by the choice of words and subject matter.
the means through which the author gives life to the characters; the creation of imaginary persons so that they seem life like. It is achieved through the explanation, descrpition, behavior, dialogue, thoughts, motivations, and responses
the central character who is faced with a basic problem or struggle
the person, place, idea, or physical force opposing the protagonist
the point of highest dramatic intensity; the turning point in the action, after which the reader discovers whether the main character succeeds or fails in his or her struggle
the struggly between two opposing forces; the main character's problem
happens outside of the character. The character, usdually the protagonist, struggles against nature or another person or, at times, society
happens inside of the character. The character, usually the protagonist, works to resolve the struggle between two elements within herself or himself. Sometimes this form or conflict involves the character's struggle against society
clues or hits which prepare the the reader for future action or events. Often hints are given in the atmosphere, physical objects, facts, or character traits which are revealed
contrast, contradiction, or discrepancy between what is expected and what results. The term refers to a recognition of a reality different from appearance
occurs when a character or narrator says one thing but means the opposite ie. sarcasm
occurs when the reader knows more than the character. The words or acts of the character carry a meaning which is unperceived by the character but understood by the reader.
occurs when the contrast between what appears to be and what actually exists; or a contrast between what is expected and what actually happens exists
the action of a story, the arrangement and sequence of related events.
places and/or events in order of time from first to last
looks back at events which have already occured
point of view
the angle from which the author tells the story; the author's and, therefore the reader's perspective on the story
the narrator uses "I" and participates in the action of the story
the narrator uses "he" and "she" and is an outside observer of the story
narrator is capable of knowing, seeing and telling all of a story. Narrator can reveal inner thoughts and feelings of all the characters and can comment on the action and its meaning.
narrator focuses on the view of only one character, usually the protagonist, can reveal the inner thoughts and feelings of this one character but presents the other characters from the outside only.
narrator describes the characters' statements and actions but does not reveal inner thoughts or feelings of the characters..
events following the climax; the outcome; the aftermath
background against which action takes place, including location, time, and environment -- social, moral, and emotion conditions of the characters
anticipation as to the outcome of events, particularly as it may affect the character for whom the reader has sympathy; questions about a situation which leads to curiosity or tension about the outcome.
an object, action, person, place or some other detail which also stands for something abstract and means more than what it is.