Renaissance Art

Created by kevinwasinger 

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Covers the Italian Renaissance and Northern Renaissance

Early Renaissance

Part of the Italian Renaissance that saw an introduction of perspective and new skills in developing sculpture

High Renaissance

post-1494 to 1527, part of the Italian Renaissance that saw artists MASTER perspective and other skills

Donatello

father of scuplture; his best known work is the bronze David

Giotto

Father of Renaissance Art; first to attempt perspective; he is best known for his series on St. Francisis of Asisi

Masaccio

a great Early Renaissance painter who attempted to build upon the "father's" work; Tribute Money is a good example of his work

Botticelli

greatest of the Early Renaissance painters; his Primavera and Birth of Venus are examples of his work, but his religious conversion saw him attempt to destroy many of his images

Brunelleschi

Father of Renaissance architecture; his Duomo illustrates the first attempt at a European dome since antiquity

da Vinci

one of the "big three" of the High Renaissance; his Mona Lisa and Last Supper are examples of his work, but he is best known for his well roundedness

Michelangelo

painted the story of Genesis on the ceiling of hte Sistine Chapel, but his best work is in scuplture; work included David and Moses

Raphael

one of the big three of the High Renaissance; his attempt to use pudginess to add softness in his Madonna series demonstrate a connection to the Late Renaissance; best known painting is the School of Athens

Bramante

(1444-1514)High Renaissance architect who worked on the dome of St. Peter's Basilica(with Michelangelo) as well as the "Tempietto." St. Peter's Basilica is in the Vatican City, Rome; dome is 138ft in diameter; most perfect dome; greatest example of the High Renaissance (borrowed from another user)

Durer

Combined Italian techniques with the artistic traditions of their homelands. Painted realistic portraits, religious themes, landscapes, and scenes of daily life. (borrowed from another user)

van Eyck

Flemish painter who may have been the first to use oil paint in the North; his best known work is the "Marriage"

Brueghel

a Flemish painter who attempted to add value to the common man and attempted to realistically demonstrate landscapes; his best known work may be "The Beggars"

Holbein

Northern Renaissance painter best known for his portraits of Erasmus, More, and Henry VIII

Erasmus

"Prince of the Humanists;" established Christian Humanism in his books such as Praise of Folly and Julius Excluded from Heaven

More

English humanist who wrote Utopia; he attempted to criticize the English society by demonstrating a "perfect" society where there was no greed, no private property

Rabelais

French writer whose comic adventure Gargantua and Pantagruel satirized outdated customs; his hoped to challenge the Medieval Catholic Church to reorganize its beliefs and work to create a "utopia" rather than outdated traditions

Christian Humanism

a movement that developed in Northern Europe during the Renaissance combining classical learning (humanism) with the goal of reforming the Catholic Church

Sac of Rome

marked the end of the High Renaissance

Italian Wars

the beginning of these marked the end of the Early Renaissance, displacing Florence as the center of the cultural world

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