Greek philosopher. A pupil of Plato, the tutor of Alexander the Great. Credited with creation of the scientific method of inquiry.
Alliance formed by Greek city-states after the Persian Wars; Athens took advantage of this arrangment leading to the start of the Peloponnesian Wars.
Golden Age of Pericles
Period after the Persian wars where Greece was able to enter an age of prosperity and peace
League created by Sparta to counter the power of Athens during the Peloponnesian Wars.
civil wars between Athens and Sparta, resulted in weakening of Greek city-states, then end of the Greek Golden Age, & invasion by Macedonia.
Athenian leader noted for advancing democracy in Athens and for ordering the construction of the Parthenon.
Athenian philosopher of late 5th century B.C.; tutor of Plato; urged rational reflection of moral decisions; condemned to death for "corrupting" minds of Athenian young.