APUSH Chapter 20: Girding for War: The North and the South, 1861-1865

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European powers favored a civil war in the United States because war would weaken the United States' power in the

Western Hemisphere

President Lincoln's decision on what to do about the situation of Fort Sumter in the first weeks of his administration can best be characterized as

A middle of the road solution

Confederate batteries fired on Fort Sumter when it was learned that

Lincoln had ordered supplies sent to the fort

Many Northerners were willing to allow Southern states to leave the Union until

The South attacked Fort Sumter

In order to persuade the Border States to remain in the Union, President Lincoln

used legally dubious methods

The Border States offered the following advantages:

a. a large population
b. a good supply of horses and mules
c. valuable manufacturing capacity
d. large navigable rivers

Lincoln's declaration that the North sought to preserve the Union with or without slavery revealed the influence of

the Border States on his policies

During the Civil War, most of the five civilized Tribes in the Indian Territory of present-day Oklahoma supported

the Confederacy

In return for support for the Plains Indians during the Civil War, the Union waged war on them and

herded them onto reservations

To achieve its independence, the Confederacy had to

fight the invading Union army to a draw

As the Civil War began, the South seemed to have the advantage of

more talented military leaders

The following were similar characteristics that both the Union and Confederate soldiers shared:

a. most soldiers had been farmers or farm laborers
b. most troops were native born
c. almost half were under the age of 22
d. both shared a commitment to Patriotism

Johnny Reb tended to be:

a. jocular?
b. emotional
c. religious
d. bred to fight
all EXCEPT detached personally from the war

Billy York tended to be:

a. literate
b. intellectual
c. practical
d. efficient
all EXCEPT religious

Of all the hardships faced by the soldiers during the Civil War, the greatest was

disease

The greatest weakness of the South during the Civil War was its

economy

The North's greatest strength in the Civil War was its

economy

Much of the hunger experience by Confederate soldiers in the Civil War was due to

the South's rickety transportation system

Northern soldiers eventually became known for

their discipline and determination

To find effective high-level commanders, the Union used

trial and error

A supposed asset for the South at the beginning of the Civil War that never materialized to its real advantage was

intervention from Britain and France

One reason that the British did not try to break the Union blockade of the South during the Civil War was that

they feared losing Northern grain shipments

The South believe that the British would come to its aid because

Britain was dependent of Southern Cotton

During the Civil War, Britain and the U.S. were nearly revoked into war by the Trent Affair, involving the removal of

Southern diplomats from a British ship

During the Civil War, diplomacy for the Union and the Confederacy was

critical for both

Confederate Commerce-Raiders such as the Alabama proved effective against

Union shipping

The Confederacy's most effective commerce-raider was

the Alabama

Napoleon III's attempt to install Maximilian on the Mexican throne was

a clear violation of the Monroe Doctrine

France abandoned it attempt to control Mexico when

the United States threatened to force France to leave

During the Civil War, relations between the Union and Canada were

at times very poor

The Southern cause was weakened by the concept of states' rights that

the Confederacy professed

As leader of the Confederacy, Jefferson Davis

defied rather than led public opinion

The problems that Abe Lincoln experienced as president were less prostrating than those experienced by Jefferson Davis partly because

the North had a long-established and fully recognized government

As president of the confederacy, Jefferson Davis did not exercise the arbitrary power wielded by Abe Lincoln because of

the South's emphasis on states' rights

To fill the army's demand for troops, the North relied mainly on

volunteers

The Union's establishment of the National Banking System was

the first significant step toward a unified banking network since 1836

During the Civil War, the Union launched

a new national banking system

As a result of the Civil War, the Northern economy

emerged more prosperous than ever before

The only major Northern industry that suffered economic reversal during the Civil War was

foreign shipping

During the Civil War, women in the North had

new opportunities opened to them in industry

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