Name two rivers important to early Chines civilization
Huang He and Chang Jiang
The flooding of the river of China helped farmers as it left behind
In these river valleys how much of its land could be farmed?
What geographical features shaped China's civilization?
mountains, desert, and rivers
The kings of the Shang dynasty ruled from what capital city?
What was the role of the Shang warlords?
govern the kingdom's territories
List three crops grown by most Shang Chinese farmers?
millet, wheat, rice
What did the people of the Shang dynasty worship?
Gods and spirits
Who did the people of the Shang dynasty honor?
ancestors or departed family
Like many other ancient languages early Chinese writing used
pictographs and ideographs
Which of the two Chinese writings represents and idea?
In Chinese writing most writing represented
Who was the Chinese aristocrat that overthrew the Shang dynasty and began a new dynasty called the Zhou?
Who did the Zhou kings entrust to rule?
What two systems allowed farmers to grow more crops?
irrigation and flood control
What ended the Zhou dynasty?
their own states and rulers became powerful
Name three main social classes of early China?
landowning aristocrats, peasant farmers and merchants
Why did the amount of land owned by each aristocrat decrease in time?
they split it between sons
About how many Chinese were farmers?
9 out of 10
Describe the concept of filial piety?
What were two primary responsibilities of women in Chinese society?
keeping the household and raising children
What did Confucius believe would bring peace to Chinese society?
treat others the way they would like to be treated
What particular teaching of Confucius caused him to be resisted by the aristocrats?
all men with a talent for governing should take part in government
What Chinese philosophy was based on the teachings of Laozi?
What did the scholar Hanfeizi believe about human nature that was different from both Confucius and Laozi?
that people are naturally evil
Why did Hanfeizi believe people needed laws and punishment?
force them to do their duty
Why did aristocrats like the philosophy of Legalism?
it favored force and power
What means "the First Qin Emperor"?
What did Qin Shihuangdi base his rule?
Why did Qin face little opposition during most of his reign?
everyone who opposed him were punished or killed
Who were the Xiongnu and at what did the excel?
masters at fighting on horseback
Why did Qin Shihuangdi have the Great Wall built?
to keep the Xiongnu from attacking farms and villages
Why did the Qin dynasty fall?
they thought he was a cruel leader
How did China's empire increase in size during the Han dynasty?
farmers were forced to sell land
Who were the first people to make paper?
Why were only expensive goods carried on the Silk Road?
difficult, dangerous, and had to pay taxes to many kingdoms
What groups in China were the first to adopt Buddhism?
merchants and scholars
How did Buddhism help people during the collapse of the Han government and the beginnings of the civil war?
helped cope with stress and fear
What is a line of rulers that belongs to the same family?