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Wudi

_________was one of the most famous Han rulers; he reformed the Chinese government and began a system of civil service

silk

________was the valuable cloth which was originally made only in China.

Sea of Japan, Yellow Sea, East China Sea, and South China Sea

What were the four seas that bordered ancient China?

seismoscope

The _________, a device that registers the occurrence of earthquakes, was an achievement of the ancient Chinese.

monsoons

Rains in much of China are caused by strong winds called ___________.

Heaven

The Mandate of _________ was the idea that Chinese rulers came to power because it was their destiny; said they had the right to rule thier people

terra-cotta

________-________ is a reddish colored pottery used in making statues

nomads

The Great Wall of China was built in northern China to keep _________ from attacking the country from the north; around 1,500 miles long

punished

Legalism is the belief that people should be __________ for bad behavior and rewarded for good behavior.

Shi Huangdi

_____ ________ unified China as its first emperor.

dragons

________were ancient beasts who were considered good luck in China.

Taklimakan Desert and Gobi Desert

What were the two deserts of ancient China?

Antioch

The Silk Road ran all the way across China and the Middle East. It reached from the Chinese city of Chang 'an to the Turkish city of __________.

circulatory

The Chinese were among the first to discover how the ___________ system works; or the discovery that blood travels throughout the body.

wooden

The Chinese firs used ________ scrolls and bones to keep their written record on...before they invented paper in 105 A.D.

Liu Bang

_____ ________, who helped overthrow the Qin Dynasty, became the first emperor of the Han Dynasty

Shi Huangdi

______ ________was the emperor who had the Great Wall built.

Islands

The country of Japan is made up of a string of thousands of _______ in the western Pacific off the coast of east Asia (China).

paper-making and printing

The four great inventions of the Chinese are the compass, gunpowder, _____-______, and __________.

Pax Sinica

The 400 year period of rule during the Han Dynasty in which there was stability and prosperity was called the _______ ___________.

Portuguese

The _________ were the first Europeans to arrive in China in 1514.

ocean devils

The Portuguese were called "_________ _______" by the Chinese who refused to trade goods with them.

Liu Bang

______ _________ was the first Ruler of China who was born a peasant; he was the first emperor of the Han Dynasty.

Shi Huangdi

_______ __________ was a strong and harsh ruler who tried to outlaw the ideas of Confucius.

missionaries

Christian _________ followed the Portuguese to China after 1557 in an attempt to convert the Chinese to Christianity; they were unsuccessful and forced to leave in the 1700s

Shi Huangdi

The Chinese leader, ____ _______ had roads built within the empire so his armies could travel quickly to put down rebellions.

Sima Qian

________ ________ was a Chinese scholar, astronomer and historian who wrote Historical Record, a book about the history of ancient China.

philosophy

_________ is a system of beliefs and values.

dike

A protective wall that controls or holds back water is called a ______.

Rudder

The ______, a Chinese invention, is a device used to steer boats or ships

warlord

A ________ is a local leader of an armed group.

acupuncture

A teatment of disease using needles is called _________ and was invented by the Chinese.

Warrior Emperor

The Chinese emperor Wudi's name actually means "_______ ________."

extended

Closely related people of several generations is called _______________ family.

Confucius

___________ was a Chinese philosopher and teacher whose beliefs had a great influence on Chinese life.

society

The goal of Confucius was to bring order to __________. He believed that if people could be taught to behave properly toward one another, order and peace would result.

Taoism

_________ was a religious philosophy that said happiness resulted from living a balanced life.

Laozi

Taoism was based on the writings of __________. These people love nature and believe in leading simple and selfless lives.

mirrors

_______ were important in China because they symbolized self-knowledge.

seas

Geographic barriers such as mopuntains and ______ seperated China from other lands...so they had little knowledge of other people like the Egyptians or Greeks.

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