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adip/o

fat

albin/o

white

caus/o

burn, burning

cauter/o

heat, burn

cutane/o

skin

derm/o

skin

dermat/o

skin

diaphor/o

profuse sweating

erythem/o

redness

erythemat/o

redness

hidr/o

sweat

ichthy/

oscaly, dry

kerat/o

hard, horny tissue

leuk/o

white

steat/o

fat

melan/o

black

myc/o

fungus

onych/o

nail

ungu/o

nail

phyt/o

plant

pil/o

hair, hair follicle

rhythid/o

wrinkle

seb/o

sebum

squam/o

scale-like

trich/o

hair

xanth/o

yellow

produces sweat

sweat glands produce watery secretion that evaporates and cools

produces sebum

sebaceous glands produce oily secretion that lubricates skin and hair

receives sensation

pain, temperature, pressure, and touch

thermoregulates

interprets message from heat center in the brain

epidermis

outermost, thin cellular membrane

dermis

next layer; dense fibrous, connective tissue

subcutaneous tissue

(hypodermis) thick, fat-containing tissue

hair

(trich/o) cells filled with the hard protein; keratin

nails

hard keratin plates covering toes and fingers

seb/o

sebaceous

hidr/o

sweat

alopecia

absence of hair where it normally grows

areata

occuring in patches

trichotillomania

disorder characterized by the repeated pulling out of one's own hair

hypertrichosis

is an excessive growth of hair

hirsutism

presence of excessive body & facial hair in women usually occuring in a male pattern

trichopathy

any disease of the hair

ecchymosis

blue-black marks on the skin

petechia

small pinpoint hemorrhage

urticaria

acute allergic reaction with red, round wheals on skin

acne

papular and pustular eruption of skin with increased production of sebum

burns

injury to tissue due to heat, chemical, electric shock, lightning or radiation.

cellulitis

diffuse acute infection of skin

eczema

inflammation of skin with erythematous and papulovesicular lesions caused by allergy

exanthematous viral diseases

rash due to virus (e.g. rubella)

gangrene

death of tissue with loss of blood supply

impetigo

contagious pyodermacaused by staph or strep

psoriasis

chronic recurrent dermatosiswith silver gray scales that itch

scabies

parasitic (tiny mites) and infectious pruritus

scleroderma

chronic and progressive disease of skin with hardening of connective tissue-autoimmune disorder

systemic lupus erythematosus

(SLE) inflammatory disease of collagen in skin, joints, and internal organs

tinea

infection of the skin caused by fungus

tinea corporis

ringworm

tinea unguium

fungal infection of the nails (especially toenails)

vitiligo

loss of pigment in areas of skin

callus

an area of skin that is thick or hard from continual pressure or friction (as the sole of the foot)

keloid

overgrowth of scar tissue caused by excessive collagen formation

keratosis

thickened area of epidermis

leukoplakia

white thickened patches on tongue or cheek

nevus/ nevi

pigmented lesion

verrucavulgaris

warts caused by virus

squamous cell carcinoma

malignant tumor of the squamous epithelium

basal cell carcinoma

most common skin cancer, rarely fatal, but can be disfiguring

The ABCDs of malignant melanoma

Asymmetry; Border, irregular or circumscribed; Color variation; Diameter, usually larger than 6mmC

kaposi sarcoma

malignant, vascular, neoplastic growth characterized by cutaneous nodules

bacterial analyses

pus or fluid samples examined to detect microorganisms

fungal tests

scrapings for culture and microscopic examination after treatment with KOH

cryosurgery

destroy tissue with subzero temperatures using liquid nitrogen

curettage

scrape lesion with sharp curet

electrodesiccation

destroy tissue by burning with electric spark

mohssurgery

remove thin layers of growth to examine under microscope (basal and squamouscell)

skin biopsy

punch and shave to remove for examination in path lab
excisional, frozen, cone, punch, shave

skin test

test reaction of body to allergen with skin test (scratch or patch tests)

sabace/o

...

-algia

pain

-derma

skin

-esis

condition

-lysis

breakdown; separation; destruction; loosening

-ose

full of; pertaining to; sugar

-osis

condition, usually abnormal

-ous

pertaining to

-plakia

plaque

-plasty

surgial repair

-rrhea

flow; discharge

pustule

a small inflamed elevation of skin containing pus

wheal

a raised mark on the skin (as produced by the blow of a whip)

cyst

a small anatomically normal sac or bladderlike structure (especially one containing fluid)

vesicle

clear fluid, blister

crust (scab)

the crustlike surface of a healing skin lesion

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