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Marco Polo

Merchant who found a trade route to Asia

Silk Road

network of trade routes that transport goods from Europe to Asia

What was transported on the Silk Road?

spices, cloth,silk, paper, dye, salt, jewels, gold, silver, weapons

How long did it take to cross the Silk Road?

About half a year

Books in 1200s-1300s

Books were very valuable. Only the rich could afford books. Books were hand-written and copied by hand. Only 5% of the population could read and write.

Feudal System

kings-ruled and owned everything
lords-managed and gave land
knights-protected land
serfs-worked and only had one right (protection)

Middle Ages

500s-1500s

Merchant

people who buy and sell goods

expedition

purposeful journeys

manor

where kings and lords lived

castle

where people went in times of danger or war

spices

preserved foods

trade fairs

goods-all the newest stuff+only lasts for a few weeks

cloth

silk, cotton

ideas/medicine

math, astrology, Aristotle, geometry, architecture

banking/currency

paper money; coins were heavy and easy to steal; promise notes

Songhai

controlled gold and salt

Timbuktu

city of Songhai located between the salt and gold mines

line graph

relates to different things

pie graph

relates to one thing

Money changers

business that started in the middle ages

serf

merchant/artisan- artisans to escape awful lives

caravans

traveled to and from the east to trade fairs

Sunni Ali

Emperor of Songhai

salt

preserved meat and vegetables. very valuable. sometimes used as money

navigation

the science of determining a ship's sailing direction and location

caravel

70 feet long. Easily steered. can carry large amounts of cargo. Had 3 masts. Had tall poles to hang masts. Could raise, slant, lower sails to sail with the wind. Had a rudder. Built wider and bigger than most ships

Prince Henry

(1394-1460) Prince of Portugal who established a school for sailers

Bartolomeu Dias

(1450-1500) Portuguese ship captain who reached the Cape of Good Hope

Vasco de Gama

(1460-1524) Portuguese navigator who was the first European to sail from Europe to Asia

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