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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Mark Antony
  2. Mars
  3. Wailing Wall
  4. Istanbul
  5. Julius Caesar
  1. a was a Roman general and statesman; played a critical role in the transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire.
  2. b was the Roman god of war; was invoked to protect Rome from the "invasion" of opposing armies, who often foraged on the food in Roman fields when they captured a Roman town.
  3. c a remnant of the ancient wall that surrounded the Jewish Temple and is one of the most sacred sites in Judaism.
  4. d city served as the capital city of the classical (330-395), "Byzantine" (395-1204 & 1261-1453), and "Latin" (1204-1261) Roman Empires
  5. e was a Roman politician and general; was defeated by Octavian at the naval Battle of Actium, and in a brief land battle at Alexandria. He and his lover Cleopatra committed suicide shortly thereafter. His career and defeat are significant in Rome's transformation from Republic to Empire.

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. was a deliberative body which was important in the government of both the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. The word is derived from the Latin word senex ("old man" or "elder"); it is understood to mean something along the lines of "council of elders".
  2. Architecture, religion and the arts were greatly influenced by the Eastern Roman Empire
  3. was the most notable leader of the slaves in the Third Servile War, a major slave revolt against the Roman Republic; for over a year defeated government armies
  4. When Carthage asked for peace, Romans made them pay an indemity and surrender this island to them
  5. became emporer in 284 AD; reorganized the empire, made 2 parts & co-emporer; ruled the more prosperous Eastern half; drove out invaders & established order; issued first government price ceilings in attempt to revive economy; also increased taxes

5 True/False Questions

  1. martyrwas the Roman god of war; was invoked to protect Rome from the "invasion" of opposing armies, who often foraged on the food in Roman fields when they captured a Roman town.

          

  2. Alpsto the north of Italy with invasion passes; great location to the center of the Mediterranean Sea;

          

  3. Dark Agesrival in the Mediterranean basin to Rome in the last centuries BC before ultimate defeat

          

  4. DiasporaAfter its defeat by the Romans in the First Punic War, Carthage compensated for its loss of Sicily by rebuilding a commercial empire here.

          

  5. HannibalRoman Emperor from 117 to 138. He is best-known for building the weall which marked the northern limit of Roman territory in Britain; built the Pantheon and the Temple of Venus and Roma. In addition to being emperor, is also a notable Stoic and Epicurean philosopher. A member of the gens Aelia, Hadrian was the third of the so-called Five Good Emperors.

          

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