5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- a commoners; lower class of workers and farmers; composed of 90% of total population; were represented in political affairs by elected delegates to the General Assembly
- b became emporer in 284 AD; reorganized the empire, made 2 parts & co-emporer; ruled the more prosperous Eastern half; drove out invaders & established order; issued first government price ceilings in attempt to revive economy; also increased taxes
- c ruled during the greatest period of the Eastern Roman Empire; During his reign, he sought to revive the empire's greatness and reconquer the lost western half of the classical Roman Empire; last emperor to speak Latin as a first language
- d served in the highest elected political office of the Roman Republic; Each year, two were elected together, to serve for a one-year term. Each was given veto power over his colleague and the officials would alternate each month
- e most powerful ruler of the Franks; was crowned Holy Roman Empore rwas King of the Franks from 768 and Emperor of the Romans (Imperator Romanorum) from 800 to his death. He expanded the Frankish kingdom into an empire that incorporated much of Western and Central Europe
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- an infantry unit consisting of heavily armed soldiers, equiped with shields, armor, helmets, spears and swords. In the early republic, the strength was about 6,000 men units
- Latins were first to build here and would later become Rome
- Latin for "I forbid", is the power of an officer of the state to stop unilaterally a piece of legislation; The concept originated with the Roman consuls and tribunes. Either of the two consuls holding office in a given year could block a military or civil decision by the other; any tribune had the power to unilaterally block legislation passed by the Roman Senate.
- the long period of relative peace and minimal expansion by military force experienced by the Roman Empire in the 1st and 2nd centuries AD. Since it was established by Caesar Augustus it is sometimes called Pax Augusta. Its span was approximately 207 years (27 BC to 180 AD).
- a term referring to the perceived period of both cultural and economic deterioration as well as disruption that took place in Western Europe following the decline of the Roman Empire
5 True/False Questions
Marcus Aurelius → "Stoic Emperor"; spent time with troops on the frontier, allowed barbarians to settle in the Empire; famous for work on Stoic beliefs called Meditations; was opposed to Christianity
Hagia Sophia → After its defeat by the Romans in the First Punic War, Carthage compensated for its loss of Sicily by rebuilding a commercial empire here.
martyr → was the Roman god of war; was invoked to protect Rome from the "invasion" of opposing armies, who often foraged on the food in Roman fields when they captured a Roman town.
Patricians → Roman Emperor from 117 to 138. He is best-known for building the weall which marked the northern limit of Roman territory in Britain; built the Pantheon and the Temple of Venus and Roma. In addition to being emperor, is also a notable Stoic and Epicurean philosopher. A member of the gens Aelia, Hadrian was the third of the so-called Five Good Emperors.
Hannibal → Roman Emperor from 117 to 138. He is best-known for building the weall which marked the northern limit of Roman territory in Britain; built the Pantheon and the Temple of Venus and Roma. In addition to being emperor, is also a notable Stoic and Epicurean philosopher. A member of the gens Aelia, Hadrian was the third of the so-called Five Good Emperors.