5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Mark Antony
- Wailing Wall
- Julius Caesar
- a was a Roman general and statesman; played a critical role in the transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire.
- b was the Roman god of war; was invoked to protect Rome from the "invasion" of opposing armies, who often foraged on the food in Roman fields when they captured a Roman town.
- c a remnant of the ancient wall that surrounded the Jewish Temple and is one of the most sacred sites in Judaism.
- d city served as the capital city of the classical (330-395), "Byzantine" (395-1204 & 1261-1453), and "Latin" (1204-1261) Roman Empires
- e was a Roman politician and general; was defeated by Octavian at the naval Battle of Actium, and in a brief land battle at Alexandria. He and his lover Cleopatra committed suicide shortly thereafter. His career and defeat are significant in Rome's transformation from Republic to Empire.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- was a deliberative body which was important in the government of both the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. The word is derived from the Latin word senex ("old man" or "elder"); it is understood to mean something along the lines of "council of elders".
- Architecture, religion and the arts were greatly influenced by the Eastern Roman Empire
- was the most notable leader of the slaves in the Third Servile War, a major slave revolt against the Roman Republic; for over a year defeated government armies
- When Carthage asked for peace, Romans made them pay an indemity and surrender this island to them
- became emporer in 284 AD; reorganized the empire, made 2 parts & co-emporer; ruled the more prosperous Eastern half; drove out invaders & established order; issued first government price ceilings in attempt to revive economy; also increased taxes
5 True/False Questions
martyr → was the Roman god of war; was invoked to protect Rome from the "invasion" of opposing armies, who often foraged on the food in Roman fields when they captured a Roman town.
Alps → to the north of Italy with invasion passes; great location to the center of the Mediterranean Sea;
Dark Ages → rival in the Mediterranean basin to Rome in the last centuries BC before ultimate defeat
Diaspora → After its defeat by the Romans in the First Punic War, Carthage compensated for its loss of Sicily by rebuilding a commercial empire here.
Hannibal → Roman Emperor from 117 to 138. He is best-known for building the weall which marked the northern limit of Roman territory in Britain; built the Pantheon and the Temple of Venus and Roma. In addition to being emperor, is also a notable Stoic and Epicurean philosopher. A member of the gens Aelia, Hadrian was the third of the so-called Five Good Emperors.