4.5 lbs, 3 inch
between ages 2 and 6 a normal child should gain ______ lbs and grow _____ inches per year.
tallest ethnic group
early tooth decay
most common disease of young children in developed nations
calfium, iron, zinc
most likely to be lacking in a hild's diet in developed nations
child will only do things a certain way, ex: eat from one plate, drink from one cup must have folded napkin next to her plate.
speeds up the transmission on neuroal impulses
growth of the corpus collosum
coordinating the two sides of body more efficiently
ability to control one's impulsiveness
a child asking the same question over and over again is exibiting
amygdala is the brain structure that registers...
learning and memory
5 years old
child should be able to tie own shoe at...
opportunities for practice
gross motor skills are acquired through...
should be a major concern when building a play area for preschoolers
children have difficulty w/ fine motor skills because they lack
brain maturation an dhaving short, stubby fingers
preschoolers have trouble dresing htemselves, writing, or stringing small beads due to
ex: pushing your child out of the way of a falling ladder
a reported incident of a child maltreatment that has been investigate and verified
public health experts recognize that injuries to children could be minimized through
father: physically abusive
mother: witnesses the abuse and says nothing. she is...
small for age, underweight, delayed in language development. Parents are unconcerned, saying he is just that way. hte teacher should suspect:
symptoms of maltreatment include...
deficit will be mot apparent in a child who is maltreated in...
ex:foster care for a neglected nephew
goes beyond senses and motor skills
focus on single aspect of an object/situation
explains why children have difficulty thinking logically
piagetian term for a particular type of centration in which the child thinks about the world only form his personal perspective
preoperational children focus on one aspect and are easily distracted
(Piaget) ex: girl coloring on floor calls to mother who is in another room. asks mother what color she should i paint this. while pinting ot a flower
child does not understand thinks out of contexts. ex: teacher at grocery store
4+6=10 but not 10-6=4
4 cuts of a hot dog are smaller than 5 cuts of a hot dog. He does not yet understand....
social activities guided by others
Piaget saw cognitive development as a result of individual discovery, vygotsky attributed it to...
Vygotsky's term for a person whose cognition is stimulated and directed to older and more skilled members of siciety
ex: each tie bob puts togehter a buzzle, his father gives him less help. ____ would agree w/ this theory
zone of proximal development
child not yet reached a task but gets help from adult. This will only be helpful if child is in the...
Vygotsky, anguage is a tool....
counting out loud one by one to teach a number is an example of...
teacher explains concept, children participate in small group activitie, she encourages conversation between children and adult. Vygotsky calls this...
preschoolders have a tendency to try to make up a reason why things that they see and hear occur. This is known as....
answer kids want to the why question
they want to know how the situation or behaviro affects them
maturation of the prefrontal cortex
underlying factor allowing the development of theory of mind
seems to be the main ontributing factor that determines whether or not children will pass the tasks to test theory of mind
child's ability to add new vocabulary words very quickly
grammar rules by...
the amount a child talks is influenced by...
...determins the words and grammatical constructions a child understands
"I falled down and I hurted myself" is an example of...
good preschools consist of
teachers responding to child's need, low teacher/child ratio
initiative vs. guild
Erikson's stage that occurs between 3-6 years
(Erikson) typical of young children
more developed the better control of emotions (temper tantrums)
early stress may affect ability to regulate....
pay of children from developed nation
play space in developed countries provides social learning and takes place in childcare settings.
playing while sitting next to each other w/ no/little interaction
pretend play in which children act out verious roles and themes in stories that they create
4 dimensions of parenting styles are...
warmth, discipline, communication and expectations for maturity
seem aloof from their children
parents set limits but listen to the child and are flexible
high nurturance and communication but little discipline, guidance, or control
media effects on children
interference w/ family life, language development and emotional regulation
ability to understand the emotions and concerns of another person
most important way sin which children learn ot control their aggression is through...
aggression that tends to be characteristic of 2 year olds
nonphysical acts aimed at harming the social connection between the victim and other people
North American families of preschoolers...
use the discipline technique of time out most often to deal w/ misbehaving children
preschool boys want to...
replace their fathers (Freud)
to understnad gender attitudes and roles, behaviorists stress...
models for behavior
according to behaviorla theoriest, parents are...