Endocrine System- Study Table (Structure and Function)

43 terms by srios01

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adenogenous

originating in a gland

adenohypophysis

the anterior pituitary gland

adrenal: glands, cortex (bark), medulla (marrow, innermost part)

two glands, one located at the top of each kidney; cortex is the outer portion, medulla is the inner portion

adrenaline

synonym for epinephrine, secreted from the adrenal medulla

adrenocorticotropic

pituitary secretion that stimulates the adrenal glands

androgen (andro- masculine)

male hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex

aldosterone

one of the corticosteroids, hormones produced by the adrenal glands

antidiuretic hormone

hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland to prevent the kidneys from expelling too much water

calcitonin (ton- to stretch)

hormone secreted by the thyroid to prevent too much calcium from absorbing into the bones

corticosteroids

steroid produced by the cortices of the adrenal glands, cortisol

endocrine (krino- to separate)

adj. describing a gland that delivers its secretions directly into the blood stream

epinephrine (nephr/o- kidney)

synonym for adrenaline, secreted from the adrenal medulla

estrogen

one of two hormones secreted by the ovaries

exocrine

adj. describing a gland that delivers its secretion through a duct onto the skin or other epithelial surface

glucagon (ago-to lead)

hormone secreted by the pancreas

gonadotropin (FSH) (gone- seed)

follicle-stimulating hormone; hormone promoting gonadal growth

gonadotropin (ICSH)

interstitial cell-stimulating hormone; hormone promoting gonadal growth in the male

gonadotropin (LH)

luteinizing hormone; stimulates ovulation

hormone

chemical messenger that is secreted by an endocrine gland directly into the bloodstream

hydrocortisone

an adrenal gland hormone secretion

hypophysis

synonym for pituitary gland

insulin

one of two hormones produced in the pancreas

islets of Langerhans

clusters of specialized cells in the pancreas that secrete insulin

melanocyte-stimulating hormone

hormone secreted from the anterior pituitary gland

melatonin

hormone secreted by the pineal gland

neurohypophysis

synonym for norepinephrine; secreted from the adrenal medulla

norepinephrine (nephros- kidney)

synonym for noradrenaline; secreted from the adrenal medulla

ovaries

female gonads; two oval-shaped glands that are located in the pelvic cavity

oxytocin (oxytokos- swift birth)

hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland

pancreas (sweetbread)

feather-shaped organ that lies posterior to the stomach

parathyroid gland

secretes parathyroid hormone (PTH)

parathyroid hormone

a hormone secreted by the parathyroid gland

pineal gland

gland that secretes melatonin, an antioxidant that is otherwise not well understood

pituitary gland

synonym for hypophysis; master gland

progesterone (gestare- to carry about)

one of two female hormones secreted by the ovary

prolactin

a secretion of the anterior pituitary gland

suprarenal glands

another name for the adrenal glands

testes

male gonads; two oval organs that lie in the scrotum

testosterone

male hormone secreted by the testes

thyroid gland

one of the four glands belonging solely to the endocrine system; located in the throat area

thyrotropin

thyroid-stimulating hormone

thyroxine

a secretion of the thyroid gland (t4)

triiodothyronine

another secretion of the thyroid gland that is often synthesized from the thyroxine by bodily organs (t3)

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