Endocrine System- Study Table (Common Disorders, P&P, Diagnosis & Treatments)

Created by srios01 

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endocrinologist

medical specialist in the endocrinology

endocrinology

medical specialty of the endocrine system

adenectomy

excision of a gland

adenotomy

incision of a gland

adrenalectomy

surgical removal of one or both adrenal glands

hypoglycemic

drug used to lower blood sugar

hypophysectomy

surgical removal of the pituitary gland

parathyroidectomy

surgical excision of the parathyroid gland

thyroidectomy

excision of the thyroid gland

thyroparathyroidectomy

excision of the thyroid and parathyroid glands

thyrotomy

surgery performed on the thyroid gland

acromegaly

enlargement of the extremities (mostly hand and feet) caused by excessive secretion of the growth hormone after puberty

Addison disease

a disorder characterized by a failure of the adrenal glands to produce hydrocortisone and, in some cases, aldosterone

adenitis

inflammation of a gland

adenohypophysitis

inflammation of the hypophysis

adrenalitis

inflammation of an adrenal gland

adrenalopathy

any disease of the adrenal glands

adrenomegaly

enlargement of the adrenal glands

Cushing syndrome

a hormonal disorder caused by too much hydrocortisone

diabetes insipidus

condition brought about by the posterior pituitary's failure to produce enough ADH (antidiuretic hormone)

diabetes mellitus, Type 1 and Type 2

condition brought about by insufficient production of insulin in the pancreas (type 1) or the failure of the body's cells to absorb glucose (type 2)

gigantism

abnormal overgrowth of the body due to excessive secretion of the growth hormone before puberty

glycosuria

sugar in the urine

goiter

chronic enlargement of the thyroid gland

Graves disease

a common form of hyperthyroidism resulting from overproduction of thyroxine; caused by a false immune system response

Hashimoto thyroiditis

an autoimmune disorder that attacks the thyroid gland causing hypothyroidism

hyperglycemia

excessive sugar in the blood

hyperpituitarism

excessive hormone secretion by the pituitary gland

hyperthyroidism

condition caused by an overactive thyroid; usually caused by an immune system disorder known as Grave's disease

hypophysitis

inflammation of the pituitary gland

hypopituitarism

condition of diminished hormone secretion from the anterior pituitary gland

hypothyroidism

a decrease in thyroid function

pituitarism

any pituitary dysfunction

thyroaplasia

congenital condition characterized by low thyroid output

thyroiditis

inflammation of the thyroid gland

thyromegaly

enlargement of the thyroid gland

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