1st 7 presidents and what they did
|Who was the only president inaugurated in NYC?||George Washington|
|What were 3 things that washington had to do after he was elected?|| 1.) Establish a Bureaucracy.|
2.) Judiciary Act of 1789.
3.) Pay off debts.
|Judiciary act of 1789.|| - Get new court up and running.|
- Appoints 6 justices.
- Writes charter and rules.
|Hamilton's financial plan.|| 1.) Funding the debt: repaying the debt.|
2.) National government takes on the state's debts.
3.) Established the national bank.
4.) Levy taxes.
|What effect did the national government taking on state's debt have on our new country?|| - Gives the national government power over the states. (south doesn't like this)|
- Moves capital from NYC to D.C. so south would feel better.
|What effect did the creation of the national bank have on the U.S.? How did it work?|| - Didn't know whether it was constitutional. Strict construction vs. loose construction.|
- Federal government keeps 20 shares leaving 80 for the rich to buy.
|What is a tariff?||A protective tax.|
|What is an exercise tax?||A tax on goods sold= sales tax.|
|Whiskey's Rebellion||The exercise tax led to a rebellion from whiskey makers, we defeat them. This is proof that our constitution works.|
|Clashes with Native Americans|| - lost to the Miami Confederation and little turtle.|
- Battle of Fallen Timbers fight Miami Confederation and win.
|French revolution.||Stay neutral.|
|Pickney Treaty||We get "right of deposit" in New Orleans. Not taxed so highly when we want to keep goods in New Orleans. B/c N.O. was a good port to keep stuff.|
|What does Washington say in his farewell speech?|| - Sets a 2 term precedent.|
- Warns against sectionalism and political parties.
- Warns about getting involved in Europe.
|Who was the vice president for Adams||Thomas Jefferson|
|XYZ Affair||New french government was no being respectful. 3 mystery men claimed that to see the new government our ambassador needed to pay. The result was Anti- French feeling.|
|Sedition Acts||Made it illegal to criticize the President|
|Alien Acts||Said that new immigrants had to wait 14 instead of 5 years. Reasoning was that most immigrants became democratic republicans and the federalists didn't want so many new members in the opposing party.|
|Virginia and Kentucky resolutions||Madison and Jefferson retaliate against adams and write that a state can declare an law unconstitutional. Idea of NULLIFICATION.|
|Election of 1800||It was a tie and so the house of representatives had to vote, they tie. Hamilton throws his weight around and convinces half of his supporters to vote for Jefferson and other half for Adams, Jefferson won. important change in parties.|
|Louisiana Purchase||Napolian wanted to use Hati to settle louisiana area but he was fighting an expensive war in Europe and so he sold us Louisiana Territory, 13 states $15 million.|
|Lewis and Clark||Set out from St. Louis in 1804 they followed the mississippi to the rockies and then followed the Columbia r. to the sea.|
|Sacajawea||Was a native american woman who traveled with them and translated, without her they would not have made it.|
|Barbary Pirates||We confront the pirates who were taxing people to pass through the Mediterranean, WE WIN!!!|
|Napolionic war in Europe||France and England were impressing (kidnapping) our sailors to fight. We tell them to stop but they don't.|
|Embargo acts||Say that no U.S. ships will leave our harbor. So that our sailors will not be impressed. Bad for business.|
|Non- Intercourse Acts||U.S. ships will not trade with England or France. Kept us out of war. Good.|
|Madisons agreement||Madison makes an agreement with france so that they would respect our right as a country. England still is kidnapping our sailors.|
|Tecumesh of Shawnhees||Tries to make peace but it doesn't work out. he goes to the south to rally support and leaves his brother in charge.|
|The Prophet||Tecumesh's brother says he has a vision of the tribe wearing red shirts that make them bullet proof. This doesn't work and they die|
|General Harrison||9th president beats Shawnhees.|
|War of 1812||Starts over shipping rights and neutrality. England not respectful.|
|War Hawks||Henry Clay and John Calhoun. Want war with England.|
|Why was the war of 1812 over before it started?||A treaty was made in Europe before war actually broke out but they didn't know about it in the U.S.|
|What did the US do that causes England to burn DC||They burned York.|
|Where did naval victories happen?||Lake Champlain|
|Who saves the art from the white house ?||Dolly Madison|
|What happened at Ft. McHenry?||The Star Spangled Banner written by Francis Scott Key.|
|Hartford Convention||Disgruntled New England merchants draft letter that says unless the war ends they will secede from the union.|
|Treaty of Ghent||1814 Belgium, ended the war, no loss or gain for anyone.|
|Battle of New Orleans||Andrew Jackson, happens after treaty is signed, we beat them.|
|Era of good feelings||Nationalism|
|American System: Sectional Differences|| - NE manufacturing economy= want protective tariffs.|
- W= want better transportation, better market for farm goods.
- Great negotiators: Henry Clay and John Calhoun.
|Adams Oñis treaty||Transfered Florida from Spain to U.S.|
|Monroe Doctrine||While Napoleonic war was going on, the European countries neglected their colonies in America. Many of these colonies had revolutions and we supported them. We told Europe to keep out of western hemisphere and we would keep out of their affairs.|
|Missouri Compromise||Missouri wanted to join the union as a slave state, but this would upset the balance of slave and non slave states. Henry clay first separates Mass. into Mass. and Maryland to balance, Missouri becomes a state. 36'30 line drawn extended into Louisiana future states south of line slave states. north= free states.|
|Unholy Bargin||Statistical tie between Jackson and Adams. Clay decides that Adams should win and strikes a bargain with Adams. If he helps Adams win then Adams would make him secretary of state.|
|What does Jackson do after the Unholy Bargain?||He forms the Democratic party- a people's party that would stand up to the corruption in D.C.|
|McCulloch vs. Maryland|| MD wants to tax National Bank|
1.) Federal>state OR 2.)Yes implied power
|Who was Jackson's first VP?||Calhoun|
|Rotation of office||Jackson forced out 10% of old government worker. aka spoils system.|
|What does Jackson say about National Bank?||Says its unconstitutional|
|Indian Removal Act||There was fertile valuable land in Georgia and Alabama but it was occupied by The Cherokee and other tribes. The US government sues them for the land. the supreme court says the government cant take the land. jackson overrides it. allots land to indians in o.k.|
|Trail of tears||March to Oklahoma 1/4 of cherokees die|
|Nullification Crisis||South doesn't like tariffs that protect the northern industry to protest them Calhoun writes about states rights and says that S.C. will secede from the union, and not pay tariff. Force bill passed by Jackson threatened to send troops. |
Henry clay- 1.) S.C. stays in union and collects tariffs. 2.) The National Government will reduce tariffs.