Ch 3 Theology
|Know about the historical records of Jesus.||* Jesus was born an Israelite, a descendant of King David of the tribe of Judah|
*His mother was Mary; his foster father was Joseph
*He was born in the town of Bethlehem aroun 4 B.C.
- while Herod the Great was King of Judea and Caesar Augustus was emperor of the Roman Empire
*Jesus died in Jerusalem around A.D. 30 when Pontius Pilate was procurator (Roman Government) in Judea
|Jesus renews God's what?||covenant of love with humanity; he saves people from the power of sin and eternal death|
|Through Christ's what he restores what?|| *life, suffering, death, and resurrection|
*mankind to friendship and communion with the Trinity
|Jesus' divinity does not take away from what?||humanity|
|Jesus' humanity does not tale away from what?||divine nature|
|What does Catechism #464 state?||"became truly man while remaining truly God"|
|What is the primary source for information about Jesus?||New Testament|
|Know about Paul's information regarding Jesus.|| -the author of many of the letters in the New Testament, does not include facts about the Historical Jesus|
-He instead wrote about Jesus from the view point of faith
|Know about the meaning of Jesus' name.||his name means(Yesuah in Aramaic) "God saves"|
|What is the incarnation and what does it mean?|| *the mystery whereby the Son of God,while reaming God, becomes man|
*the word means, "to become flesh, to take on a human body,"
|Know the four major reasons for the divine Son of God choosing to become human from CCC #'s 457-460|| * "save us by reconciling us with harmony"|
* "so that thus we might know God's love"
* "to be our model of holiness"
* "partakers of the divine nature"
|Know about the Annunciation and the foundation in sets for many of the Church's teachings about Mary.||*the announcement by the angel Gabriel that, through the power of the Holy Spirit, Mary, though a virgin, was to be the Mother of the Son of God, who would be called Jesus|
-Mary is truly the Mother of God, since Jesus is God himself who became man
-God favored Mary in a special way by preserving her from all stain of original sin from the moment of her conception. We call this belief the Immaculate Conception
-Mary remained sinless throughout her life
-At the end of her life, sometime after the death and Resurrection of Jesus Mary was "taken up into heaven" in body and soul. We call this the Assumption of Mary
|Which two Gospels give us a glimpse into Jesus' birth and childhood?||Matthew and Luke|
|What was the purpose of the account's into Jesus' birth and childhood?||to answer people's questions about Jesus' identity rather than to present a factual day-by-day account f historical events.|
|Know about the Nativity||*the church celebrates the nativity, or birth, of Jesus December 25, although this date is most likely not his actual birthdate|
*in the early Church the date was selected when Christianity was spreading throughout the Roman Empire
*that date replaced the ancient Roman Feast of the Sun celebrated on December 25
|Know the outline for the Gospel of Luke concerning Jesus' birth and childhood||*Jesus was born n a humble stable. His birth was announced to ordinary shepherd, although, he descended from a royal family of King David, he was born into a simple life-demonstrating God's special love for those who were poor and oppressed |
*according to Jewish law,Mary and Joseph had Jesus on the eight day after his birth. Circumcision was a reminder of God's covenant with his people.
*After the birth of Jesus, God revealed to people other than Jesus, represented by the magi who were wise men from the East, that Jesus was the long promised Messiah, Son of God, and Savior of the World. This revelation is called the Epiphany.
*Mary and Joseph fulfilled the Jewish requirements of purification. Forty days after Jesus' birth, they presented him at the temple in Jerusalem and offered sacrifices for the purification
*The Holy Family Fled to Egypt to escape persecution. In the Gospel of Matthew, the story of the flight into Egypt connects Jesus with the ancient Israelites who were persecuted in Egypt.
|How does Jesus teach us to subdue our pride?||to live day after day without impatience or complaint, unknown to the world, and even despised, if that id the will of God.|
|How is Jesus a perfect model of obedience?||his hidden life|
|The actions of Jesus are intended to what?||to provide instruction and to serves as our example|
|By living in obscurity Jesus teaches us to fight against what?||our vanity|
|Know about the three stages of Jesus' public ministry||-Jesus drove sellers out of the Temple, saying they made it a "den of thieves" he cured many people, such as the ruler's son, Peter's mother-in-law, etc|
-an act of utmost significance. /he chose from the many disciples who followed him "the Twelve" who became his apostles. In the Samon on the Mount he introduced the basis of his teachings:the law of love
-Jesus went Galilee and Phoenicia. He moved on because in Judea, the envious Pharisees sought to kill him.
|Know about Jesus' final days||*Finally, toward the end of his public life, Jesus raised Lazarus from the dead|
*By this time the envy of the Pharisees was so great that they were determined to put Jesus to death
*In triumph, Jesus entered Jerusalem riding on a donkey with his children singing and waving palms
*Finally, he ate the Last Supper with his apostles, and instituted the sacraments of Holy Orders and the Holy Eucharist