Hawaiian king Kalakua's sister. She became queen of Hawaii in 1891, and being a strong nationalist, she opposed U.S. control of Hawaii and saught to reduce the power of foreign merchants, such as the ones in the U.S., over Hawaii
Sanford B. Dole
a pineapple planter, he removed Queen Liliuokalani from power and proclaimed Hawaii a republic and also requested that it should be annexed by the U.S.
spheres of influence
areas of economic and political control. There was much of this going on in China in the early 1900s
Open Door Policy
an agreement made by the U.S. and Europe to ensure that the U.S. would have equal access to China's millions of consumers
a.k.a the Righteous and Harmonious Fists, they were a secret society, and the western press called them this, and Secretary Haw feared that these imperialist nations in Europe would use rebellion as an excuse to seize more Chinese territory
a grant for a piece of land in exchange for a promise to use the land for a specific purpose. a French company bought a 25-year thing of this from Colombia to build a canal across Panama
the man who was enraged by Columbia's attempt to keep its concession of the Panama isthmus until 1904 until they could sell the land at a higher price. So, he secretly made it clear to an official with the French company that the U.S. would not interfere if the company organized a Panamanian revolution against Columbia
a canal that linked the Atlantic and Pacific ocean and began in 1904 and was completed in 1914. It was constructed by very well trained construction workers and took 23 million to complete. This canal was vital to the national security and prosperity of the U.S.
"Big Stick" diplomacy
a routine action of Teddy Roosevelt in which he used his "big stick" to maintain order and stability in Latin America. In this way, TR strengthened the roles of the U.S. president but at the same time, many Latin Americans were displeased with his actions
the U.S. government intervening to prevent intervention from other powers. The first test of this was in the small Caribbean republic of Santo Domingo (a.k.a the Dominican Republic)
a wonderful stage in which TR won public support for his reputation for strong leadership
"substituting dollars for bullets", in which William Howard Taft meant maintaining orderly societies abroad thorough increased American investment in foreign countries. Taft used this term with pride, but this term did not succeed as well as he hoped
a peasant rebel leader. He had once supported Carranza but now opposed him and gathered his armed forces in his strongholds in northern Mexico. Wilson's support of Carranza infuriated him, and now began to follow a more radical path in Mexico. He terrorized Americans in Mexico, raided border towns in the U.S., and even burned a town in New Mexico.
"Black Jack" Pershing
President Woodrow Wilson sent this general to pursue Pancho Villa. His forces and Mexican troops had some bloody clashes together, and ultimately, he failed to find Villa.
opponents of U.S. foreign policy in the Philippines established this organizations. Most of their member were professionals including, E. L. Godkin, William Jennings Bryan, Jane Addams, and Mark Twain. They argued the ideas of moral and political freedoms
Great White Fleet
Roosevelt sent part of the U.S. Navy on a cruise around the world. This trip was designed to demonstrate the U.S.'s impressive naval power to other nations. This trip made a big impression everywhere it sailed.
"Yankee, Go Home!"
this cry was heard by Latin Americans in Latin America. Panamanians complained that they suffered from discrimination from the U.S. control in Panama