the historical period believed to have lasted from 30,000 BC util about 10,000 BC
A convention of representation in which part of a figure is shown in profile and another part of the same figure is shown frontally
monuments that are erected using huge stones which are transported over long distances (Stonehedge)
Sumerian system of writing made by pressing a wedge-shaped tool into clay tablets (
a tiered, pyramid-shaped structure that formed part of a sumerian temple
an image created as a devotional offering to a god or other deity; placed in shrines or temples (Ex: Worshipers at Square Temple of Eshnunna)
also known as bands, one of a series of super imposed bands/friezes in a pictorial narrative, or the particular levels on which motifs are placed
Hierarchy of scale
An artistic convention in which greater size indicates greater importance.
an ancient Egyptian mudbrick tomb with a rectangular base and sloping sides and flat roof (ex: stepped pyramid of djoser began as one)
a cemetery—literally, a "city of the dead."
an Egyptian concept referring to one's immortal life force which would continue to live on after death
A small concealed chamber in Egyptian mastaba for the statue of the deceased for the Ka to find
A half-round column attached to a wall, only for decoration
an ancient Egyptian writing system in which pictures were used to represent ideas and sounds
An oval shape inside which a pharaoh's name was inscribed in hieroglyphics.
an arch that protects the lintel by redirecting the weight of the wall above (ex: Lion Gate)
carefully cut and regularly shaped blocks of stone used in construction, fitted together without mortar (ex: Palace at Knossos, Treasury of Atreus)
a method of building using HUGE blocks of rough stone often that only giant cyclops (giants!) could construct
Courses of stone in which each course projects beyond the one beneath it, meeting at the topmost course
A vault formed by progressively projecting courses of stone or brick, which eventually meet to form the highest point of the vault. (ex: Protective wall around Citadel of Tiryns)
formed in relief by beating a metal plate from the back, leaving the impression on the face (ex: Funerary Mask)
Black figure vase painting
in Greek pottery, the silhouetting of black figures against a light background of natural, reddish clay, with linear details incised through the silhouettes (ex: Corthinthian black-figure amphora with animal friezes)
Red figure vase painting
in Greek pottery, the silhouetting of red figures against a black background with painted linear details. firgures are red background darker. allows more detial and to play with colors. (ex: Herakles wrestling Antaios)
Human posture in which the shoulders and head are turned one way and the hips and legs another; weight off the body is put on one foot, creating a feeling of tension on one side of the body and relaxation on the other
art consisting of a design made of small pieces of colored stone or glass
temple having columns on all sides (Ex: Parthenon)
an "upper city"; a common feature of ancient Greek cities; an elevated site for religious observances, where city residents sought shelter and safety in times of war and met to discuss community affairs.
swelling on vertical columns to counteract optical illusion of concavity
vessels featuring both red-figure and black-figure techniques (Achilles and Ajax playing dice)
an ancient jar with two handles and a narrow neck
Egyptian god of the underworld and judge of the dead (Ex: Last Judgment of Hu-Nefer)
One of the three main styles of Greek architecture. The column is slender and finely fluted; its capital is in the shape of a scroll.
One of the three main styles of Greek architecture. The column is fluted with no base.
the chief room of a Greek temple, where the statue of the god was located and, frequently, the temple's treasure was kept.
The space, or porch, in front of the cella, or naos, of an ancient Greek temple.
In Greek architecture, the stone foundation on which a temple colonnade stands.
In Greek Architecture, the upper part of a column that supports the entablature
In Greek Architecture, an ornament from Ionic capital resembling a rolled scroll
Greek- in a Doric frieze, the rectangular area between the metopes, decorated with three vertical grooves (glyphs)
panel between the triglyphs in a Doric frieze, often sculpted in relief (ex: Lapith versus centaur is a ____ from south side of Pantheon)
the falcon- He was the son of Isis and Osiris, shown with the double crown of Upper and Lower Egypt. The pharaohs were thought to represent Horus on earth. (Ex: Palette of Narmer)
Egyption goddess of love; cow head (Ex: Top of Palette of Narmer)