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Paris

kills (ironically) Achilles

Words written in the Golden Apple

'To the fairest'

Athena's bribe to Zeus is:

power and wisdom

Time-span for the Odyssey

20 years

Girl sacrificed by the Greeks is:

Iphigenia

Who breaks the 'guest -host' bond and touches off the Trojan War?

Paris

Who has been faithful for 20 years of the during the Odyssey?

Penelope

How many ships did the Greeks have ready to sail to Troy?

1000

Goddess who assists Paris and the Trojans

Aphrodite

Who refuses to judge the 'beauty contest'

Zeus

Telemachus

assists Odysseus in the battle vs The Suitors

Hector

is the brother of Paris and Troy's greatest Warrior

Scylla

is the six-headed monster

Helios

kills all of Odysseus' men after they kill/eat his cattle

Poseidon

is the father of The Cyclops

Sirens

sing about what tempts each man

Agamemnon

is Helen's brother-in-law, and the leader of the Greeks at Troy

Helen's biological father is:

Zeus

Odysseus

comes up with the Trojan Horse idea

Circe

Detains Odysseus for 1 year, and turns men into swine

Hera's bribe is:

money

Antonius

was shot in the throat while drinking wine, becoming the first suitor killed in 'Odysseus Revenge"

Aeolus

is God of the Winds

Paris

judges beauty contest at Zeus' suggestion

Tyresias

is the blind prophet Odysseus sees in the Land of the Dead

Troy is in modern-day country of

Turkey

Charybdis

was the killer whirlpool

The Laestrygonians

were a race of Cannibals that destroyed most of Odysseus' men

The Illiad

is the poem before the Odyssey

Ithaca

is the home island of Odysseus

Hector

is dragged around Troy by Achilles

Helios

is the sun god who owns the special cattle

Homer

is the author of the Odyssey

Eris

is the Goddess of Discord

Zeus

Saves Odysseus in the 'Cattle of the Sun God"

The Suitors

plan to kill Telemachus and marry Penelope

Priam

was the king of Troy

Circe

is an advisor to Odysseus in the Sirens, Scylla & Charybdis and more

Penelope

has been running Ithaca since Odysseus left

Menelaus

is saved by Aphrodite in his duel with Paris

Argos

was Odysseus dog, who died shortly after seeing him again

Two ways to interpret the Odyssey

1. entertainment
2. Odysseus is 'everyman', revealing both strengths and weaknesses of being human.

Achilles plan to avoid the Trojan War, and how did it fail?

Dress like a woman to disguise himself, but then goes to look at mens items at market

How does Penelope test Odysseus at the end of the Odyssey?

Asks servant to move her bed out of her room, which Odysseus knows is not possible (built in to olive tree in room)

Name mistakes that Odysseus makes during Cyclops story

1. Doesn't listen to men in the beginning and 'just leave'
2. Calls back to Cyclops when sailing away

Steps Odysseus takes to get out of Cyclops cave

1. Called himself 'Nohbdy' (no-body)
2. Gets the Cyclops drunk
3. Blinds the Cyclops
4. Clings to sheep as they go out to pasture

Penelope's trick to keep Suitors away?

Rip out each day's weaving to prolong the day she has to choose one of the Suitors

Why did odysseus listen to the Sirens?

He wanted to be able to tell his story of living through the Sirens

What were the two parts of the oath that Helen's father made each man sign?

1. Won't get angry
2. Will help Helen if she is ever in trouble

What are the 2 lies Telemachus tells Suitors after he takes their weapons?

1. They will be ruined by the smoke fron the fire
2. If they are later drunk, they won't be able to go after each other with weapons

What choice must Agamemnon make before going to war?

Whether or not to sacrifice his daughter Iphigenia

Three examples of Dramatic Irony from The Odyssey

1. In the Cyclops story, we know Nobdy is Odysseus
2. In the Suitors, we know the beggar is O
3. In 'Penelope' we know who O is

Why won't Aeolus help O a second time?

Aeolus realizes that Odysseus is cursed by the gods.

How are Cyclops considered 'lower' than men?

1. lawless
2. live on their own
3. beat wives & kids
4. ignorant

Why do the men eat the cattle when they know it will anger the gods?

They are starving

Why does Zeus finally help Odysseus after years of going against him?

1. Odysseus finally prays to the Gods
2. Zeus has developed respect for Odysseus over time
3. Zeus knows it is his fate to make it back to Ithaca

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