← Criminal Justice Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- classical school of criminology
- preventive detention
- clearance rates
- rational choice theory
- a A crime considered less serious than a felony. Usually tried in the lowest local courts and punishable by no more than one year in jail.
- b The number of crimes that have been solved by the police.
- c A theory that states that people choose criminal behavior consciously. The theory also states that people may choose to commit crime upon realizing that the crime's benefits probably outweigh the consequences of breaking the law.
- d A set of criminological theories that uses the idea of free will to explain criminal behavior.
- e The jailing of a defendant awaiting trial, usually in order to protect and individual or the public.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- A declaration of the charges against an accused person that is presented to a grand jury to determine whether enough evidence exists for an indictment.
- Criminological theories that rely, in part, on individuals' demographics and geographic location to explain criminal behavior.
- The removal of property from a person by violence or by threat of violence.
- the mobile uniformed law enforcement arm of the Immigration and Naturalization Service. Its primary mission is to detect and prevent the illegal entry of foreign-born persons into the United States.
- An attitude held by members of a class that does not accurately reflect the reality of that class's existence. A term associated with Karl Marx.
5 True/False Questions
socialization → The period from January 29, 1920, to December 5, 1933, during which the manufacture, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages was made illegal in the United States by the Eighteenth Amendment. (Enforcement legislation was entitled the National Prohibition Act or Volstead Act.)
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) → The principal investigative arm of the Department of Justice. It investigates the crimes assigned to it and provides cooperative services to other law enforcement agencies.
war on drugs → A writ issued by a judicial official that authorizes an officer to perform a specified act required for the administration of justice, such as an arrest or search.
atavism → The appearance in a person of features thought to be from earlier stages of human evolution. Popularized by Cesare Lombroso.
nolo contendere → Latin for "I do not wish to contend." The defendant neither admits nor denies committing the crime, but agrees to be punished as if guilty. This type of plea cannot be used as an admission of guilt if a civil case is held after the criminal trial.