CH2: Stress Mgt & Health

29 terms by abbeenormal 

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What is the Wellness Movement?

a balance of mind, body and spirit

Dunn

Wellness Movement

Benson

relaxation response

Types of stress

1. physical
2. psychological
3. psychosocial

physical stress

stressors in the environment
pollution, noise, injury, etc.

psychological stress

relates to the way we react to threats, whether real or imagined

psychosocial stress

interpersonal relationships, conflicts, social isolation

Distress

fear of failure or anxiety in trying to prove oneself

eustress

promotes productivity and facilitates our efforts; exhilarating

Hans Selye

General Adaptation Syndrome

General Adaptation Syndrome

1. alarm reaction (fight or flight)
2. resistance to stress
3. exhaustion

alarm reaction

body releases neurotransmitters

resistance

immune system's memory of how to respond; due to repeat exposure

exhaustion

if stress is ongoing, body's ability to respond becomes limited

internal stressor

due to injury, wound or bacteria

Three key system response - nervous system

release of neurotransmitters

acute stress

lasts anywhere from a few minutes to a few hours

chronic stress

lasts for several hours or a day for an extended period of time - months or years

Dreher

avoiding stress makes no sense

Schwartz

Ace Factor

Personality differences

attend vs. disattend (ignore) symptoms
connected vs. disconnected (cut off)
express vs. repress (bottle) emotions

Major life events

everyday hassles

Job stress

1. job characteristics
2. style & type of boss
3. environment

symptoms of stress

over engagement
emotions are overreactive
urgency and hyperactivity
loss of energy
anxiety disorders
primary damages are physical
premature death

symptoms of burnout

disengagement
emotions blunted
helplessness and hopelessness
loss of motivation, ideals, and hopes
detachment and depressin
primary damages are emotional
make life seem not worth living

ACE Factor

ATTENDED feedback
CONNECT the feedback to consciousness
EXPRESS the emotion appropriately

Three key system response - Immune

release of cytokines

Three key system response - endocrine

release of hormones

Relaxation Response

opposite of fight or flight response

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